Why Do People Tattoo?
Your browser does not support the audio element, so here’s a link to the mp3: https://continuingstudies. uvic. ca/upload/elc/studyzone/490-stories-cam/Why-People-Get-Tattoos. mp3 Jack lay, quiet and unmoving, for thirty minutes while a stranger repeatedly stabbed him with sharp needles, causing blood to pour steadily out of his leg. Jack was getting a tattoo. His friend Tony had recently gotten a tattoo, and Jack was so impressed by Tony’s bravery and his tattoo that he decided to get one too. Getting a tattoo because your friends and peers have them is just one of the reasons why a lot of young people in North America get tattoos.
Peer pressure, media influence, and personal expression are some of the common reasons for wearing tattoos today. The desire to be part of a group, to be accepted by one’s friends or peers, can have a great influence on what a person does.
Sometimes, wearing a tattoo can be a sign that you belong to a certain group. Gangs often use special clothes and tattoos to identify their particular group. For example, in one gang all the members may wear green army jackets and have large ‘Xs’ tattooed on their arms.
- It is not only gangs that have this type of special ‘uniform’;
- Young people often belong to a certain group of friends;
- Some of these groups wear only brand-name clothes;
- Some wear only black clothes;
- Others wear tattoos;
When a person’s friends are all doing something, such as getting a tattoo, that person is more likely to do the same thing, and get a tattoo too. The media is another big influence behind the popularity of tattoos in North America. A wide variety of media images show tattoos.
- Tattoos can be seen on people appearing in commercials selling expensive cars;
- Famous sports heroes with tattoos are shown in magazines;
- Fashion models are often seen in magazines and on TV wearing designer clothes that show their bodies tattooed with detailed and colourful patterns;
These media images link tattoos to ideas of wealth, success, and status. As a result, many people decide to get a tattoo for its fashion and status value. It is not always the influence of other people or the media that results in a person getting a tattoo.
Many people decide to wear tattoos in order to express their artistic nature, their beliefs, or their feelings — in other words, to show their individuality. A musician in a rock band may get a tattoo of a guitar on the arm.
Some environmentalists may tattoo pictures of endangered animals on their shoulders. Lovers may tattoo each others’ names over their hearts. A tattoo can be a public sign to show what is important in a person’s life. As you can see, there are many reasons why young North Americans get tattoos.
- A tattoo can be part of a group’s uniform;
- It can be a sign of fashion;
- It can be an expression of individuality;
- The decision to get a tattoo is most often a result of the influence of friends or media or the desire to express oneself;
For Jack, it was a mixture of all three..
- 1 What is the psychology behind tattoos?
- 2 What does having tattoos say about a person?
- 3 Are tattoos trashy?
- 4 Do tattoos indicate mental illness?
- 5 Are tattoos linked to depression?
- 6 How tattoos affect your mental health?
- 7 Are tattoos a form of self expression?
- 8 Are people with tattoos more aggressive?
What is the purpose of getting a tattoo?
On a fall day in 1991, two Germans hiking in the Alps near the Italian- Austrian border stumbled across what they initially believed to be a modern corpse frozen in the ice. Once the body was retrieved however, authorities discovered that it was anything but modern.
- The mummy, nicknamed Ötzi after the valley where it was found, had survived in the ice to the ripe, old age of 5,300 years;
- Analysis of the remains showed that when Ötzi died, he was a 30 to 45 year old man, standing roughly 160 cm tall;
Mystery surrounds the exact circumstances of Ötzi’s death, although evidence suggests a violent end. That, however, is not the only secret Ötzi hides. Ötzi has over fifty lines and crosses tattooed onto his body – the earliest known evidence of tattooing in the world – most of them on his spine, knee and ankle joints.
The locations of many of the markings are consistent with traditional Chinese acupuncture points, specifically those that are used to treat back pain and stomach upset. What is intriguing is that Ötzi lived roughly 2,000 years before the oldest generally accepted evidence of acupuncture, and well west of its purported origins in China.
X-rays revealed that Ötzi had arthritis in his hip joint, knees, ankles and spine; forensic analysis discovered evidence of whipworm eggs – known to cause severe abdominal pain – in Ötzi’s stomach. It is, therefore, possible that Ötzi’s tattoos did in fact play a therapeutic role, and that acupuncture has a slightly more complicated history than previously believed.
Before Ötzi poked his head through the ice, the earliest conclusive evidence of tattoos came from a handful of Egyptian mummies that date to the time of the construction of the great pyramids over 4,000 years ago.
Indirect archaeological evidence (i. statuettes with engraved designs that are occasionally associated with needles and clay discs containing ochre) suggests that the practice of tattooing may actually be much older and more widespread than the mummies would have us believe.
Ethnographic and historical texts reveal that tattooing has been practiced by just about every human culture in historic times. The ancient Greeks used tattoos from the 5th century on to communicate among spies; later, the Romans marked criminals and slaves with tattoos.
In Japan, criminals were tattooed with a single line across their forehead for a first offence; for the second offence an arch was added, and finally, for the third offence, another line was tattooed which completed the symbol for “dog”: the original three strikes and you’re out! Evidence suggests that the Maya, Inca and Aztec used tattooing in rituals, and that the early Britons used tattoos in certain ceremonies.
- The Danes, Norse and Saxons are known to have tattooed family crests onto their bodies;
- During the crusades, some Europeans tattooed a cross on their hands or arms to mark their participation and indicate their desire for a Christian burial should they not return;
From the Tahitian “tatau” which means to mark or strike, the word tattoo refers to some of the traditional modes of application where ink is “tapped” into the skin by using sharp sticks or bone. Certain peoples in the Arctic however, have used a needle to pull carbon-embedded thread under the skin to create linear designs.
And still others have traditionally cut designs into the skin and then rubbed the incisions with ink or ashes. Modern electric tattoo machines are modeled on the one patented by New York tattoo artist Samuel O’Reilly in 1891, which itself is only slightly different from Thomas Edison’s electric engraver pen, patented in 1876.
The needles of a modern machine move up and down at a rate of between 50- 3000 vibrations per minute; they penetrate only about 1 mm below the surface of the skin to deliver pigments. Our bodies treat the injected pigments as non-toxic foreign elements that need to be contained.
So, certain types of cells in our bodies engulf the minute amounts of pigment. Once full, they move poorly and become relatively fixed in the connective tissue of the dermis, which is why tattoo designs do not generally change with time.
A pigment’s molecules are actually colorless. Those molecules though, are arranged into crystals in various ways such that colors are produced when light refracts off of them. The pigments that are used in tattoos are often made of metal salts, which are metals that have reacted with oxygen; this process is called oxidation and is exemplified by rusting iron.
The pigment is held in a carrier solution to disinfect the pigments by inhibiting the growth of pathogens, to keep it evenly mixed and to facilitate its application. Most modern pigments are carried by alcohols, specifically methyl or ethyl alcohols, which are the simplest and most commonly used types.
The popularity of tattoos has continuously risen and fallen through time. Currently, the practice of tattooing is booming, and it is estimated that roughly one in every seven people in N. America – over 39 million people total – have at least one tattoo. Through time and around the world, the reasons for getting tattoos are numerous and varied.
They include religious purposes, for protection or as a source of power, as an indication of group membership, as a status symbol, as an artistic expression, for permanent cosmetics, and as an adjunct to reconstructive surgery.
And now, a new reason can be added to the list: Andrew Fisher, an American webpage designer, recently auctioned his forehead as ad space on eBay. It sold for over $37,000 and left Andrew with a snoring remedy logo tattooed (semi- permanently) on his head for a month.
What is the psychology behind tattoos?
So why are tattoos so popular? – Tattoos can symbolize a life story. In some cases, tattoos help process traumatic life events, like loss of a family member or close friend. It can also be a personal adventure. Researchers around the world who study human behaviors have been interested in finding out what makes people modify their body.
What does having tattoos say about a person?
Author: Sophia Carter – Institution: Whitworth University ABSTRACT Research supports personality differences between tattooed and non-tattooed individuals. However, few studies have investigated whether any of these differences are associated with positive indicators for tattooed individuals.
In this study, personality differences between tattooed and non-tattooed individuals in three of the Big Five personality areas considered critical to successful employees in the workforce were examined.
Previous research has established that higher levels of conscientiousness and extraversion coupled with lower levels of neuroticism are indicators of high-quality employees. The present study attempts to augment this line of research by adding the dimension of tattoos; investigating whether individuals with tattoos report more positive personality indicators in these dimensions than individuals without tattoos.
Thus it was hypothesized that tattooed individuals would report higher levels of conscientiousness and extraversion and lower levels of neuroticism than non-tattooed individuals. For this purpose, N = 521 individuals completed an online survey, which included the 44-Question Big Five Inventory.
An independent sample t -test revealed a statistically significant difference between tattooed ( M = 3. 41, SD = 0. 77) and non-tattooed ( M = 3. 21, SD = 0. 83) groups in the Big Five personality area of extraversion, t (521) = 0. 39, p =. 004, d = 0.
25. There were no other statistically significant differences. These findings indicate that tattooed individuals may be better employees than previously believed, as the extraversion component of the Big Five Inventory, has been found to be a critical indicator of successful job performance.
INTRODUCTION Tattoos have increased in popularity over the last two decades; almost one in five people across all age groups had a tattoo as of 2012, and one in ten people have two or more tattoos (Swami et al. , 2012). Nearly 40% of young adults (18-25) have at least one tattoo, whereas only 15-16% of members of this age group in 1990 were tattooed (Swami et al.
- , 2012);
- Despite the increase in tattoos within younger generations, tattooed individuals face discrimination, negative stigma, and lower levels of employment than their non-tattooed counterparts (Horne, Knox, Zusman, & Zusman, 2007);
Very little research has examined whether individuals with tattoos score differently than non-tattooed individuals on scales measuring personality traits perceived as positive. This study seeks to address this gap by identifying personality differences between tattooed and non-tattooed individuals and the potential implications of those differences for employment.
Historically, the traits associated with tattooed individuals have depended significantly on the culture and circumstances of those individuals. Captain Cook explored Polynesia in 1769 and observed the social and spiritual significance of tattoos in Polynesian culture.
Why do people get tattoos? – Dr. Matt
The location of a tattoo on an individual’s body and the specific tattoo design displayed social, hierarchal, and genealogical information about the owner of the tattoo, as well as signaling particular aspects of his or her character (Parry, 1933). Tattooing was considered a sacred ceremony, and most tattoos were thought to fetch spiritual power, protection, and strength.
Almost every Polynesian individual had tattoos, and many of Captain Cook’s men left their voyage with a permanent memento of their expedition, which was considered a great honor (Parry, 1933). Similarly, Native Americans report a long and extensive history of traditional tattoos.
Depending on the tribe, tattoos could signal hierarchy or a specific role within the tribe, mark a warrior’s prowess in battle, or be considered marks of beauty (Littell, 2003). Since then, through the shift towards Western culture and through changing definitions of art, tattoos have become more associated with criminals and the sexually promiscuous (Wohlrab, Fink, & Kappeler, 2005).
- Recent studies have shown there are still many stereotypes attached to individuals with tattoos: academic struggle, broken homes, traumatic childhoods, rarely or never attending church, poor decision-making skills, and susceptibility to peer pressure (Roberts & Ryan, 2002);
However, these stereotypes may not accurately represent the current tattoo climate. Forty percent of 26 to 40-year-olds now have a tattoo, closely followed by 36% of 18 to 25-year-olds (Swami et al. , 2012). The rising popularity of tattoos among young to middle aged individuals suggests that tattoos may hold different significance sociologically, biologically, and socially than they have throughout the previous century (Wohlrab et al.
- , 2005);
- Research is mixed on whether the negative stereotypes associated with tattoos are accurate;
- A study completed in 2007 in Germany evaluating tattooed and non-tattooed individuals using a Big Five Personality Inventory found that tattooed individuals scored higher on the subscale of extraversion, and lower on the subscale of neuroticism (Wohlrab, 2007);
More recently, a 2012 study of 540 individuals from Austria and Germany examined Big Five personality traits in participants, as well as a need for uniqueness, sensation seeking, self-esteem, religious and spiritual belief, and demographic variables. The researchers in this study concluded that not only do those with tattoos have higher levels of need for uniqueness, sensation seeking, and thrill and adventure seeking, but they have lower levels of self-esteem, attend religious services less, and are generally much less educated than individuals who did not have tattoos (Swami et al.
, 2012). For decades, businesses have attempted to identify personality traits that predict a successful employee. When United States federal law banned the use of polygraphs for employee selection in 1988, hirers began using personality surveys as the primary method for making hiring decisions (Stabile, 2013).
Job interviewers now ask questions designed to reveal components of an individual’s personality in order to evaluate where that individual would best fit within the company structure, how committed to the job the individual would be, and their likelihood of advancing through the company ranks (Wohlrab, 2007).
However, studies as late as 2010 have shown that despite this shift to personality-based hiring, companies still discard potential employees on the basis of their tattoos (Burgess, & Clark 2010). Researchers have also attempted to determine personality traits capable of predicting successful employees.
A 2014 ten-year longitudinal study of over 8,000 individuals working within multiple big business companies revealed that there is a significant statistical difference between the managerial and working classes in three Big Five personality dimensions: neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness (Palaiou & Furnham, 2014).
Conscientiousness was shown to be the best predictor of overall successful job performance and individuals who scored higher in this dimension tended to be more achievement oriented (Li, Barrick, Zimmerman, & Chiabaru, 2014).
Neuroticism successfully predicted poor work performance; the lower the levels of neuroticism, the higher the level of performance from the employee (Barrick, Mount, & Judge, 2001). Finally, higher levels of extraversion were linked to higher levels of task performance and proactivity (Pearsall & Ellis, 2006).
- This study attempts to augment the area of research pertaining to tattooed individuals’ personality traits by investigating whether tattooed individuals differ significantly when compared to their non-tattooed peers in areas related to successful employee traits;
It was hypothesized that tattooed individuals would score higher in conscientiousness and extraversion and lower in neuroticism as measured by the Big Five Inventory. MATERIALS AND METHODS Participants Participants were recruited through a campus-wide e-mail at Whitworth University, Facebook psychology groups, and global online psychology research forums.
Participation was entirely voluntary, and participants could complete the study on their own time at their own pace. 521 individuals completed the survey, 411 females and 110 males, aged from 18 to 62 years old.
Materials Participants completed an online version of the 44-Question Big Five Inventory (John, Donahue, & Kentle, 1991) followed by basic demographic questions addressing age, sex, education level, and university affiliation of the participant. Participants were also asked if they had any tattoos.
Participants with tattoos were asked to indicate the size and location of those tattoos. The survey measured the Big Five areas of personality: openness to experience, neuroticism, extraversion, conscientiousness, and agreeableness.
For example, questions measuring conscientiousness asked the participant to rate statements such as: “I am someone who does a thorough job” or “I am a reliable worker” on a five-point Likert scale. Items measuring neuroticism stated, “I am someone who remains calm in tense situations” and “I am someone who is emotionally stable, not easily upset”.
Finally, items related to extraversion included statements such as “I am someone who is talkative” and “I am someone who is full of energy” (John et al. , 1991). Participants were asked to rate their agreement with a series of such statements on a five-point Likert on a scale of one (“strongly disagreeing”) to five (“strongly agreeing”).
The Big Five Inventory has scored between 0. 73 – 0. 82 on Cronbach’s alpha test over the course of its development, giving it a high degree of internal consistency and thus, reliability (Schmitt et al. , 2007). The survey contained nine questions regarding conscientiousness, eight questions regarding neuroticism, and eight questions regarding extraversion.
The three personality subscales of conscientiousness, extraversion, and neuroticism were scored using a formula that calculated a numerical value for each personality dimension by adding each individual’s selected scores on the Likert scale, which were then averaged between all participants for an overall mean.
RESULTS A total of N =521 individuals completed the survey. Of that 521, 411 were female and 110 were male. Participant age varied from 18 to 68 years old. Participants were current students or alumni from 54 universities of various sizes in both rural and urban locations throughout the United States.
- Two hundred sixty-six (51%) identified themselves as having no tattoos and two hundred fifty-five (49%) identified themselves as having tattoos;
- A two-tailed independent sample t -test revealed no statistically significant difference in levels of conscientiousness between tattooed and non-tattooed individuals ( p =;
30; Figure 1). Like conscientiousness, a two-tailed independent sample t-test revealed no statistically significance difference on the neuroticism personality scale between tattooed and non-tattooed individuals ( p =. 53; Figure 1). Results revealed a statistically significant result regarding extraversion.
- A two-tailed independent sample t-test revealed a statistically significance difference between tattooed individuals ( M = 3;
- 41, SD = 0;
- 77) and non-tattooed individuals ( M = 3;
- 21, SD = 0;
- 83, p =;
004; Figure 1). DISCUSSION The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there were positive traits associated with individuals who have tattoos. It was proposed that tattooed individuals would score higher on the conscientiousness and extraversion domains and lower on the neuroticism domain as measured by the Big Five Inventory than their non-tattooed peers.
Tattooed individuals scored significantly higher in extraversion than their non-tattooed peers, but there were no significant differences in conscientiousness or neuroticism between tattooed and non-tattooed individuals.
Though tattooed individuals did not differ significantly in two of the three areas tested in this study, the significant difference in extraversion suggests that those individuals with one or more tattoos may display higher levels of task performance and proactivity in the business world (Pearsall & Ellis, 2006).
- A growing body of literature suggests tattooed individuals display different personality traits than their non-tattooed counterparts, and this study lends further support to this hypothesis;
- Specifically, the present study supports the findings from several other studies that tattooed individuals consistently score higher in extraversion than their non-tattooed peers (e;
, Stirn, Hinz, & Brahler, 2006; Swami, 2012; Swami et al. , 2012 Wohlrab, Stahl, Rammsayer, & Kappeler, 2007). This study may be limited by the high proportion of female participants ( n = 411) compared to and male participants n = 110). A study in which males and females are equally represented could be better extrapolated to the general public.
- However, a similar study, performed in 2012 with 45;
- 6% male participants found very similar results to the present study; tattooed individuals scored significantly higher than non-tattooed individuals in extraversion, but did not score differently in any of the other Big Five personality dimensions (Swami et al;
, 2012). Future research should be conducted with a more age-diverse sample, as the present study had a mean age of 24. 47 years old. Though this study lends itself well to explaining the personality attributes of the younger generation, it does not shed any light onto the baby boomer generation, who are currently the individuals holding CEO, managerial, and most importantly, hiring positions over the younger population (Odgers Berndtson, 2012).
- Over the next decade, a mass exodus of baby boomers is expected to occur, leaving open positions for the younger generation (Odgers Berndtson, 2012);
- However, if baby boomers are still utilizing stigmatized hiring criteria regarding tattoos, they are excluding a class of individuals who are more proactive and task performance oriented than their age-matched peers (Pearsall & Ellis, 2006);
Gathering more research regarding generational differences in personality attributes and attitudes towards tattoos may have the potential to change current hiring criteria. Additionally, examining the final two personality domains (agreeableness and openness to experience) in the Big Five Inventory may lead to further information regarding the relationship between tattoos and personality, which could divulge more information regarding desirable characteristics in employees.
Agreeableness has been correlated with success in several specific job fields, such as those that require considerable interpersonal interaction. Similarly, the openness to experience dimension has predicted success in fields where teamwork and training performance are important (Barrick et al.
, 2001). Finally, associations between tattoos and personality could be further explored by examining whether the effect is binary (tattoo vs. non-tattoo) or a gradient (influenced by the quantity of tattoos). Tattooing has rapidly become a prevalent phenomenon in western culture.
- It may therefore be time to reexamine the stigma attached to hiring tattooed individuals;
- Extraversion, which indicates higher levels of task performance and proactivity in a job setting (Pearsall & Ellis, 2006), is starting, through recent research, to become associated with tattooed individuals;
The business industry stands to gain quality employees who may be well suited to long-term success and significant contributions to the company if hiring criteria regarding tattoos were to be reassessed (Sackett, Burris, & Ryan, 1989). REFERENCES
- Barrick, M. , Mount, M. , & Judge, T. (2001). Personality and performance at the beginning of the new millennium. What do we know and where do we go next? International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 9 , 9-30.
- Burgess, M. , & Clark, L. (2010). Do the “savage origins” of tattoos cast a prejudicial shadow on contemporary tattooed individuals? Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40 , 746-764.
- Horne, J. , Knox, D. , Zusman, J. , and Zusman, M. (2007) Tattoos and piercings: Attitudes, behaviours, and interpretations of college students. College Student Journal, 41 , 1011-1020.
- John, O. , Donahue, E. , & Kentle, R. (1991). The Big Five Inventory–Versions 4a and 54. Berkeley, CA: University of California, Berkeley, Institute of Personality and Social Research.
- Li, N. , Barrick, M. , Zimmerman, R. , & Chiabaru, D. (2014). Retaining the productive employee: The role of personality. The Academy of Management Annals, 8 , 347-395.
- Littell, A. (2003). The illustrated self: Construction of meaning through tattoo images and their narratives (Doctoral Dissertation). Retrieved from Proquest database. (Order No. AAI3077541).
- Odgers Berndtson. (2012). After the Baby Boomers: A Next Generation of Leadership [Brochure]. London: England, Cass Business School.
- Palaiou, K. & Furnham, A. (2014). Are bosses unique? Personality facet differences between CEOs and staff in five work sectors. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 66 , 173-196.
- Parry, A. (1933). Tattoo; Secrets of a strange art as practiced among the natives of the United States. Madison, WI: Simon and Schuster.
- Pearsall, M. , & Ellis, A. (2006). The effects of critical team member assertiveness on team performance and satisfaction. Journal of Management, 32 , 575-594.
- Roberts, T. , & Ryan, S. (2002). Tattooing and high risk behavior in adolescents. Pediatrics, 110 , 1058-1063.
- Sackett PR, Burris LR, Ryan AM. (1989). Coaching and practice effects in personnel selection. In Coo per CL, Robertson IT (Eds. ), International review of industrial and organizational psychology (pp. 145–183). New York: Wiley.
- Schmitt, D. , Allik, J. , McCrae, R. , Benet-Martínez, V. , Alcalay, L. , & Ault, L. (2007). The geographic distribution of Big Five personality traits: Patterns and profiles of human self-description across 56 nations. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 38 , 173–212.
- Stabile, S. (2013). The use of personality tests as a hiring tool: Is the benefit worth the cost?. University of Pennsylvania Journal of Business Law, 4 , 279-288.
- Stirn, A. , Hinz, A. , & Brahler, E. (2006). Prevalence of tattooing and body piercing in Germany and perception of health, mental disorders, and sensation seeking among tattooed and body-pierced individuals. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 60 , 531-534
- Swami, V. (2012). Written on the body? Individual differences between British adults who do and do not obtain a first tattoo. Scandinavian Journal Of Psychology, 53 , 407-412.
- Swami, V. , Pietschnig, J. , Bertl, B. , Nader, I. , Stieger, S. , & Voracek, M. (2012). Personality differences between tattooed and non-tattooed individuals. Psychological Reports, 111 , 97-106.
- Tate, J. , & Shelton, B. (2008) Personality correlates of tattooing and body piercing in a college sample: the kids are alright. Personality and Individual Differences, 45 , 281-285.
- Wohlrab, S. (2007). Differences in personality characteristics between body-modified and non-modified individuals: Associations with individual personality traits and their possible evolutionary implications. European Journal Of Personality, 21 , 931-951.
- Wohlrab, S. , Fink, B. , & Kappeler, P. (2005). Human body ornaments from an evolutionary perspective – Diversity and function of tattoos, piercings, and scarification. Mitteilungen der Anthropologischen Gesellschaft Wein, 134/135 , 1-10.
- Wohlrab, S. , Stahl, J. , Rammsayer, T. , & Kappeler, P. (2007) Differences in personality characteristics between body modified and nonmodified individuals and possible evolutionary implications. European Journal of Personality, 21 , 931-951.
Are tattoos trashy?
Are Tattoos Trashy? – Someone looking to get a tattoo may put their appointment on hold in fear of looking trashy, but are tattoos really trashy? The opinion that tattoo are trashy is becoming a thing of the past. In fact, 42% of people do not think tattoos affect a person’s appearance at all and that number is growing. 24% of people even find them to make someone more attractive, while only 22% still have a negative opinion of them. However, as with every style trend out there it is not an absolute.
Do tattoos indicate mental illness?
Abstract – Psychiatric disorders, such as antisocial personality disorder, drug or alcohol abuse and borderline personality disorder, are frequently associated with tattoos. Finding a tattoo on physical examination should alert the physician to the possibility of an underlying psychiatric condition.
Are tattoos linked to depression?
Getting inked is a modern-day trend and is now accepted as a fashion statement. Tattoo parlours are multiplying with every passing day, thanks to the increasing demand of flaunting a tattoo. Ever thought that your urge of getting inked may imply to an unstable mind and personality disorders, especially borderline disorder and depression? Sounds weird, isn’t it? But that’s what several researchers say.
A study conducted by the Centre for Forensic Psychiatry, Michigan Department of Community Health shows that those with a desire to get inked are at a greater risk of suffering from antisocial personality disorder (ASPD).
Not just that, the tattooed ones are more prone to substance abuse, sexual abuse and suicide attempts compared to those with a clean body. Researchers have concluded that tattoos are indicators of mental illness, lack of foresight and promiscuous behaviour.
Tattoos imply an urge to have multiple sexual partners: Several studies have found that being tattooed is linked with greater number of lifetime sexual partners, earlier sexual initiation and higher frequency of sexual intercourse.
Not just that, those with tattoos were also found to have a rough history of sexual abuse leading to mental disparity, arousing the desire of having unprotected copulation among adolescents. Getting inked is linked with ASPD: Those suffering from antisocial personality disorder and having impairment in both self and inter-personal functioning are more inclined to tattoos.
- Hence, if you find anyone who only thinks about himself, is obsessed with his personal goals and fails to conform to social norms with multiple tattoos, it will not be surprising;
- Those with BPD tends to get inked than others: Studies have shown that those possessing symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD) like frequent, intense mood swings and an inability to control outburst of emotions are more likely to get tattoos all over the body or in more than one body part;
Researchers explain that their failure to manage their own emotions gets reflected in the pain they undergo to bear the tattoos on their skin. Tattoos imply lack of foresight: Tattoos are a direct reflection of uncontrollable impulsiveness among teens. Those with tattoos are more likely to be associated with risk taking behaviours like smoking and cannabis use, hard drug abuse, violence and suicide.
Getting inked has a lot to do with psychological imbalance: Researchers have observed that those with a desire of getting inked are more into mental blocks and psychological disorders like depression, eating disorders, neuroticism and increased suicidal tendency.
Excessive tattoos among adolescents correlate with emotional distress along with suicidal idealisation and attempts. Stay Tuned to TheHealthSite for the latest scoop updates -.
How tattoos affect your mental health?
A new study has discovered that people with tattoos were more likely to be diagnosed with mental health issues and to report sleep problems. Researchers also found that people who had tattoos were more likely to be smokers, to have spent time in jail, and to have a higher number of sex partners in the past year.
However, the survey-based study also found that having tattoos was not significantly related to overall health status. The survey was conducted in July 2016 and resulted in a sample of 2,008 adults living in the United States, according to researchers.
“Previous research has established an association between having a tattoo and engaging in risky behaviors,” said lead author Dr. Karoline Mortensen, a professor at the University of Miami. “In an era of increasing popularity of tattoos, even among women and working professionals, we find these relationships persist, but are not associated with lower health status.
- ” The study was published in the International Journal of Dermatology;
- Source: Wiley Photo: In a survey-based study published in the International Journal of Dermatology, having tattoos was not significantly related to overall health status, but individuals with tattoos were more likely to be diagnosed with a mental health issue and to report sleep problems;
Credit: International Journal of Dermatology ..
Do tattoos have energy?
Tattoos: Open portals into your energy field Now that getting inked is more mainstream, there needs to be awareness as to how tattoos link into your subtle body energy field. Your tattoo is going to connect you with something permanently, so being mindful as to why you want to be inked should be the first decision you make before getting a tattoo.
- Your intentions should be set beyond the watermark of vanity, and you should consider art that will enhance your frequency, and fit into the framework of your beliefs;
- Sometimes a tattoo represents a certain milestone in your life, or it may serve as a reminder of something you have accomplished, so ask yourself if you want your tattoos to serve as a body map showing your stops along the way;
A lot of people choose images that represent their profession, group affiliations, and names of lovers. Some people identify with their animal totem and choose an image that transfers the power of that animal onto their body and into their energy field.
Whatever you choose, the intention behind your choice will influence your consciousness in either raucous, or illusive ways. Intentions are such a powerful tool and where we put our focus is where we create our experienced reality.
I know a group of women who wanted to get tattoos of ribbons to support cancer. One of the women in the group didn’t want the tattoo because she felt that it would be too much focus on the illness and she feared co-creating it in her own body. Your beliefs are what initially charge the tattoo.
Sometimes tattoos can shift your energy field into a higher vibration and make you feel better about yourself, for instance, if you want to camouflage a scar so you won’t feel self-conscious. Intentionally looking for an invigorating image might lead you to choose a mandala tattoo inked with blue and green hues to promote energy for healing, whereas tattoo art featuring sharp teeth, or something macabre, may feed the fear embodied in the scar and produce a frequency that incites the area instead of muting it.
Always be cognizant of the colors which in themselves are expressed energy frequencies. Sometimes you will be drawn to colors that resonate with your aura, or be attracted to colors that your energy field needs for enrichment. Tattoos take on the vibrations from your intention, image, and also the colors you choose for ink.
- Looking at tattoos through the metaphysical lens, the desires, and intentions, behind getting body art are triggered by deep cellular memory;
- Tattoos give us a window into the soul and the images we are drawn to may be links into the subconscious, dreams, or past life incarnations, especially the tribal and face tattoos;
On a deep level we are drawn to art that represents who we are, or we want images to give us what we feel we lack, and use the tattoo as an enhancement for our own energy. Intention is the moving force behind the vibration of your tattoo and the emotion behind it will always lend a massive amount of power to its effect.
Meditation is a good way to get clear on what you want, and set the intention behind getting tattooed. I’m not suggesting that you Zen out (although that is a good idea) but take the time to strongly imagine the tattoo energy on your skin.
Burn incense, sage your space, creatively doodle pictures, and look at images to see what strongly resonates to you. Ask yourself what the tattoo will represent to you? Do you see it as a personal expression, or are you getting it just because other people will think it is cool? Does it embody an archetype with whom you strongly identify, or are you exposing your shadow.
Big question-How will your tattoo personally empower you? Don’t kid yourself about tats because they have a way of attracting energy toward you. The metals in the ink give the tattoo permanence but in an esoteric sense, these same metals magnetize the design leaving it a charged body talisman.
Your body is your sacred space, and where you put your tattoo is where you are putting your desires and holding energy points that give off a unique frequency. This is why your intention has to be clear or you will be anchoring nebulous energy into your body, mind, and spirit.
- See your intention as the beginning point of the tattoo ritual;
- Yes, I did say ritual, because there is a process to mindfully getting a tattoo;
- Carefully determine what design you want inked because creating art, in the mystical sense, has manifesting abilities;
Imagery starts with what you see through the mind’s eye that directly links into your consciousness. There is a bit of creative visualization in designing your tattoo and it will carry the meaning you put into it. The law of attraction also works for tattoos, because what you intently set into motion will attract the same thing back to you.
- Tattoos go beyond skin deep-they go soul deep, and are very revealing;
- Tattoos are energy hot spots because the ritual of wounding the skin and drawing blood releases intense energy that becomes part of the tattoo;
Keep these points in mind as you contemplate getting inked. · intention · desire · purpose · permanency · portal Once you decide to get a tattoo, choosing the artist and the shop is more important than you may realize.
Aside from looking at the quality of their work, the artist’s energy essence will also be part of your tattoo. Getting inked is a very intimate experience. It is a spiritual vehicle for transmitting energy, because an invisible cord attaches the tattooist’s energy into yours.
In a sense, tattooing is a magic ritual that creates images, draws blood, which is our life force, and also creates a symbolic bond between you and the artist. There are many tattooists who honor getting inked and see it as a form of spiritual therapy that helps you express yourself in a creative way.
- Some shops really get into creating the perfect atmosphere for getting tattooed and they burn incense, and sage, to keep away negative energy;
- Your tattoo artist is, in a sense, a quasi-Shaman performing a ritual and some tattooist help you choose a design, as well as the location of your tattoo, based on your aura in order to enhance positive energy for you;
Keep in mind that from the metaphysical perspective, tattoos are an energy portal into your subtle body, and starting out with unacceptable conditions can mark you with a negatively charged tattoo that can cause a disturbance in your energy field. Your tattooist will be imbuing their energy into your subtle body so be cognoscente of what you are sensing from them.
Don’t insist on a design that they are not comfortable inking onto your skin. Do you really want that energy tagged into your tattoo? Once you finally decide to take the plunge, you should also carefully choose where you go to get your tattoo.
You may be somewhat prepared for a little pain or possibly a design that doesn’t turn out exactly as you had envisioned, but you most likely didn’t give too much thought to the safety of your energy field. You not only absorb the energy of the tattooist, but also the parlor, that is a harbor for residual energy left behind from other people getting inked.
Their excitement, fears, and desires, are all components of highly charged energy, so much so, that you can almost hear the walls talk. Emotional energy is very transmissible and you can unknowingly take it into your subtle body.
I wonder how many of us with tattoos are aware of the modern day alchemy inked onto and into our skin. The underbelly of the art is pure mysticism. It all starts with our original intention which readies the skin canvass for getting tattooed. Namaste! For more information on opening up your unique energy field and extrasensory senses read The Book of Transformation:Open Yourself to Psychic Evolution, the Rebirth of the World, and the Empowering Shift Pioneered by the Indigos https://newpagebooks.
Are tattoos attention seeking?
Tattoos and Narcissism – Regardless of personal views, there’s something a little self-obsessed about tattoos, isn’t it? People who get tattoos are very much focused on their self-image. It’s important to them how they are perceived, otherwise they wouldn’t get tattoos in visible places.
- Self-image is also important to narcissists;
- But a narcissist’s self-image is a grandiose projection of a warped and fragile ego, while most inked individuals are simply expressing who they are;
- Sure, sometimes tattoos are meant to cloak personal insecurities or project a desired trait;
But more than anything, tattoos are artistic representations of our inner world, and what it is about ourselves we consider unique. It’s not the attention-seeking that drives people to get tattoos. It’s the desire to be unique. Tattoo wearers spend a lot of time looking for the right design, the right inscription, the right tattoo artist.
It’s very deliberate, with a touch of perfectionism. It can take someone years to find that distinctive design that will set them apart from the crowd. And since inking went mainstream, it’s even harder to have a tattoo that’s one of a kind.
Could that obsession with uniqueness be narcissistic? In a book “Tattoo: Secrets of a Strange Art” author Albert Parry says that people want to get unique tattoos “to express their love for themselves and their proud belief that they are different from other people.
Are tattoos narcissistic?
In particular, the recurrent dysfunctional traits are anxious, phobic, obsessive, somatic and bipolar in subjects with less than 25% of the body surface covered by tattoos, while borderline, narcissistic, antisocial, sadistic and masochistic traits are more frequent in subjects with more than 26% of the body surface.
Why do females get tattoos?
Sukran Sahin, journalist, 33 – Sukran Sahin: ‘It felt empowering to create something irreversible and visible, and not to be afraid of what others think. ‘ Photograph: Christina Theisen and Eleni Stefanou I got my tattoo about nine years ago, when I was 24, so I wasn’t that young and it wasn’t on a whim. I was thinking about it for a year. I’m not sure why I chose an anchor. I guess I like the maritime theme.
- The writing on it is more significant;
- It says, “The common breed”, which is a line from a Suede song;
- Suede sang about life on the margins, in council homes;
- I’m from a working-class immigrant background, and for the first time I felt sure about my identity;
I wanted to do something to remind me of that moment. It felt empowering to create something irreversible and visible, and not to be afraid of what others might think. I’m not frightened of being judged – and women with tattoos are often judged, more than men.
I felt the tattoo artist talked me into getting it a bit bigger and more elaborate than I would have liked. But I’ve never regretted it. In fact, I’m thinking of adding some colour. My family’s reaction was a bit sceptical.
They asked whether I could remove it. My mother wasn’t too happy, but I wasn’t expecting her to be. I’m going to get another one: a hand holding a pen, on the same arm. Pen and paper have always accompanied me. I might do more in time. There’s loads of space.
Do guys think tattoos are attractive?
Men Think Tattooed Girls Are Easier It’s unfortunate, but it’s true. Somestudies have focused on men’s perceptions of tattooed girls and have found that they see them as more promiscuous.
Is getting a tattoo intimate?
“Show me a man with a tattoo, and I’ll show you a man with an interesting past. ” — Jack London. My first tattoo was on my 18th birthday, it was supposed to be the beginning of only four. I planned to get the other three remaining ones on the following consecutive birthdays until I turned 21.
- That never happened;
- Four years ago, at the age of 26, I decided to get my ninth tattoo below the elbow on my inner left forearm;
- It was my first tattoo in a highly visible area—the previous eight were placed strategically to be hidden;
There’s an underlying current that stigmatizes highly visible tattoos, although tattoos are no longer the forbidden fruit that they once were, as 47% of Millennials have at least one. Last week, and to my parents’ disappointment, I got my 15th tattoo. This one is slightly above the elbow but still visible.
It’s been 11 years since my first tattoo, and I’m also 11 tattoos over the limit that I set for my 18-year-old self. I’ve crossed the line from tattoo fan to the beginning stages of being a tattoo collector.
Throughout the years, my relationship with tattoos has changed. But how? I have developed a newfound appreciation for not only the art of tattooing but the intimacy of the entire tattoo process. There is something really unique in the experience of getting a tattoo.
If you genuinely think about it, tattooing is an intimate creation of art. Intimacy is sharing closeness, vulnerability, and openness, all which are a part of the tattoo process. However, you can’t comprehend the experiential intimacy of tattooing without sitting in the chair.
It’s more than just ink and skin. Tattooing is magical, and it can very well change someone’s life. It changed mine. There aren’t many things we remember throughout life. But you will never forget the process and act of getting a tattoo. As you add to your skin diary, each experience is everlasting and forever ingrained in not only your skin but also your psyche.
You’ll always remember the inspiration behind the decision. You’ll never forget the process of setting up the appointment and the tattoo session. And the worst of all, you’ll always remember the healing process.
Tattooing can also be therapeutic. The human touch of the artist is a form of non-sexual affection. Meanwhile, the physical pain of the process is cathartic, while the session itself can double as a therapy session. Having a stranger listening to your story, however much you wish to share, can be restorative.
- Similar to a therapist, tattooing has a significant impact on the artist;
- Chelsi Amour , a hand poke artist from the Philippines, mentions that some of her clients even share their darkest secrets;
- As a hand poke artist, her process of tattooing is longer and quieter, which allows her to grow a stronger bond with her clients;
As both an artist and a human being, Chelsi always takes significant honor when someone allows her to work on their skin. I reached out to Chelsi to inquire about her perspective on the intimacy of tattooing as an artist. In her reply, she voices how rewarding tattooing has been for her: “It’s really humbling to know that they trust me.
- It taught me to be very mindful, patient, and understanding;
- ” The artist has the ability to reach into someone’s mind and spirit and create a piece of artwork that symbolizes that person’s expressions;
- There’s an underlying sense of self in each ink line or dot;
No matter the style or quality, tattoos play a significant importance to the wearer who holds them dear. The meaning of each tattoo can differ, but each tattoo tells a different story. Some can be poignant and deep, while others are often frivolous and in the spur of the moment.
No matter the level of meaning, the ink we paint ourselves with is a reflection of who we are and will forever be permanent extensions of ourselves, as a person with tattoos is never genuinely naked. There are very few forms of arts that, like tattoos, have a broad spectrum of opinions as there are vast differentiating perceptions of tattoos.
I started a new job last month in an environment that I would say is a lot less tattoo-friendly than my previous work experiences. In the past, I’ve worked in offices where I could comfortably wear my tattoos openly. In my new position, however, I’ve worn long sleeve shirts every day in the office.
It’s a personal decision that I’m okay with. I’m okay with hiding my tattoos, because tattoos are for myself and not anyone else. Sometimes you want to cover up, and sometimes you want to wear them openly.
But the decision is always up to the wearer. To the wearer, each tattoo is a commitment to the self and reminder that you can do whatever you want. A few years ago, this thesis would be the opposite. I’d probably argue why it’s bullshit to cover my tattoos.
But the 29-year-old me is okay with covering. I made the decision to get my tattoos knowing my potential career path. Because of this, I set myself up to be comfortable with the decision to cover now. I knew that I could create my own destiny, and the ink was a representation of that commitment.
However, in and outside of work, we want the world to see us not the way we want to portray ourselves, but the way that we actually are. Although people with tattoos may be walking galleries of intimate pieces of art, we still want to be appreciated for who we are as humans. .
Are tattoos a form of self expression?
Using tattoos as a form of self-expression – Tattoos have been used as a form of self-expression since ancient times. One of the most prominent use of tattoo arts was by the warrior clans and chieftains, who used them to showcase their might in battles.
Artists also used tattoos to add mystique to their character or express suppressed feelings like love, anger, hatred, jealousy, or despair. These motivations are also very relevant in today’s world. Most of us wish for a unique personality, which is attractive, expressive and a little mysterious.
However, more than often we entrap our quest for self-discovery by mistakenly adopting the way of life of our idols. Mainly, it is the sense of being insignificant that drives us to do it. This is where the art of tattooing stands apart from other art forms of self-expression, your tattoos are a unique mix of the ideals that inspire and motivate you rather than a copy of someone else’s achievements.
For example, you may end up creating a similar piece of art, music or writing when relying heavily on successful works of others but when getting a tattoo, you are expressing your own opinion rather. Moreover, an individual is more likely to dedicate much time and thought before getting a permanent tattoo as it has to conform with his/her identity at a very personal level.
In the same vein, the placement of the tattoo is also a matter of conscious choice. Not everyone may be comfortable with a visible tattoo, and for them the art may hold intimate value, to be shared with a select few. So, tattoos are not an obscure art form but rather a very clearly defined form of self-expression.
Are people with tattoos more aggressive?
Abstract – One stereotype of people with tattoos is that they are more aggressive and rebellious than people without tattoos. However, studies examining differences in these traits between tattooed and non-tattooed individuals are dated and have returned equivocal results.
- To re-examine this issue, we asked 378 adults from London, UK, to complete self-report measures of aggression and rebelliousness, and to report the number of tattoos they possessed;
- Of this sample, 25;
- 7% possessed at least one tattoo, with no sex difference in the distribution of tattoo status;
We found that tattooed adults had significantly higher reactive rebelliousness, anger, and verbal aggression than non-tattooed adults. However, effect sizes were small and there were also no significant between-group differences in terms of proactive rebelliousness, physical aggression, and hostility.
These results suggest that, while stereotypes may contain a kernel of truth, they likely present an outmoded picture of tattooed adults. Keywords: Aggression; Body art; Rebelliousness; Tattoos. Copyright © 2015.
Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Are people with tattoos nicer?
Men are Sexier – According to a variety of different dating studies “chicks dig tattoos”. Men that have tattoos are seen as more masculine and therefore sexier. Studies have shown that hormonally, women are attracted during their cycle to perceived masculinity as a ranking of whether a man is suitable as a mate.
What do you call someone who loves tattoos?
the_definition_of_words. 89 likes. the_definition_of_words Stigmatophile : a person who loves tattoos; piercings.