How To Use A Tattoo Gun?
Step 3: Clean and Sterilize the Tattoo Needles – Make sure your tattoo needles are in tip-top shape before using them. Poorly made tattoo needles result in bleeding, scars, and unattractive tattoos. Never make use of them! Inspecting the needle tube where you will hold the tattoo machine is also important.
Make sure your tattoo needles are disinfected so that they are safe to use. Purchasing an autoclave to aid in cleaning the needles is advised. Set up your autoclave so that it is prepared for the cleaning procedure.
Scrub the tubes and needles with water and soap to prepare them. Allow them to soak in hot, soapy water for a while. Place the autoclave basket with the tubes and needles inside the autoclave machine at this time. Verify that the water level is between the low and high markers.
- 1 What speed should you tattoo at?
- 1.1 What angle should you tattoo at?
- 1.2 Why do they wrap tattoo guns?
- 1.3 Is tattoo gun better than pen?
- 2 Can anyone buy a tattoo gun?
Is using a tattoo gun hard?
Download Article Download Article A tattoo gun, also referred to as a tattoo machine, is a hand-held device that artists use to create permanent tattoos. Handling a tattoo gun may seem daunting, as it takes intense focus and a steady hand, but the results can be magical. An emphasis on hygiene is a must, both for the artist and the tattoo gun.
- 1 Wash your hands thoroughly before touching the equipment. The most common place to find major germs and viruses is on your hands. Wash vigorously with anti-bacterial soap and cover everything from your elbows to the tips of your fingers.
- Scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds to ensure cleanliness.
- 2 Use brand new supplies. Many tattoo parlors will use new needles, gloves and ink caps, among other things, for each customer. Nearly everything is discarded after use. 
- All equipment is single service, meaning each set of needles and tubes is packaged individually. This way, the work space stays hygienic and no one is sharing needles.
- 3 Clean your instruments with an autoclave sterilizer. Autoclaves use a combination of steam, heat and pressure to eliminate pathogens. 
- Autoclaves take about twenty minutes to clean the equipment. Once the process is finished, the door opens to allow the contents to cool and dry.
- Autoclaves can cost thousands of dollars, but they are considered the most dependable system for sterilizing equipment.
- 1 Arrange the pieces of the tattoo gun. Find the contact screw and the front spring underneath it on the machine itself. The distance between these two points controls the line you are tattooing. Then, put the needle in the tube and insert the tube into the tube slot. The wingnut, which connects the tube with the machine, should be tightened once the tube is in the slot. 
- As you put everything together, inspect the equipment for damages or flaws. If you come across any equipment that looks like it’s in bad shape, throw it away and replace it. Bent or dull needles can cause bleeding and scarring.
- 2 Set the length of the needle. The correct length is the distance from the tip of the tube to the needle. Tighten the two screws to put the needle in place. 
- Be sure that the eye loop of the needle is turned to the left when you put the armature bar in. This ensures the needle is inserted correctly. If it is not correct, it could lead to a painful skin piercing with no ink.
- 3 Gather all necessary equipment and set it out on your desk. Keep your supplies in an easy-to-reach place. Wear rubber gloves and always have rubbing alcohol and cotton balls handy. Having these tools at your disposal allows you to prevent any problems that might arise.
- It is always better to have more than you need, so keep extra gloves and a large supply of cotton balls handy in case you need to replace what you are using.
- 4 Plug in the power source. Get a power supply with a digital or analog display. Be sure to use the right voltage, which is usually between 1. 5 and 18 volts. 
- You should also have a footswitch and clip cord. The footswitch allows you to control the speed of the needle, while the cord connects the power supply to the machine. These items are sold separate from a tattoo machine kit, but they are not expensive.
- 5 Pour the ink into your sterilized tattoo gun. Focus on doing a clean pour and put less ink than you might need. Keep in mind that you never want your tattoo machine to have too much ink.
- Try to add only enough ink to get the ball rolling smoothly and swiftly.
- 1 Add the design onto the person’s skin. Make sure the design sticks to the skin by using specialized paper and stencil liquid. The reason for using a stencil liquid is that it spreads the liquid over the area that’s about to be tattooed.
- Remember, the outline is there for a reason. Staying as close to the lines as possible will help you produce the best-looking tattoo you can.
- 2 Push the needle into the person’s skin. There is no need to push the needle too hard. If you see blood, scale back on how deep the needle goes through the skin the rest of the way. If the person’s skin does not resist at all, you must pull the needle out.
- For risk-free practice, work on a melon, as this can help determine if you’re using the needle correctly. If the fruit is damaged, you are pushing the needle too deep.
- 3 Outline the tattoo design. Once the needle is in a comfortable position, start moving it down the previously-drawn stencil line. Remember to move the needle slowly to avoid any injuries or mishaps. Keep a firm grip on the needle tube and make sure the machine is above your hand, not below. 
- Tattoo guns can vibrate quite a bit, so it is vital to maintain a strong grip.
- Picture the needle tube as a thick pencil and hold it similar to how you would a pencil.
- 4 Remove excess ink from the person’s skin. Right after the tattoo process is done, there will be a lot of extra ink. Clean it as fast as you can, but do not put any lotion on the tattoo. This can clog skin pores.
- Cleaning the ink is the only thing you should focus on when the tattoo is done. Let the tattoo sit for some time so the inflammation can calm on its own.
- Once the ink has settled, apply a small amount of ointment and cover the tattoo with a bandage to protect it during the healing process.
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What speed should you tattoo at?
Step 4 – Set the speed of the tattoo machine for line work. Some machines display a readout of voltage. Six volts is appropriate for lining. Most tattoo artists adjust voltage by listening carefully to the sound of the gun–it should produce a steady buzz or a hum.
What angle should you tattoo at?
Does Angle Help You Hold a Tattoo Gun Longer? – Yes, a standard angle allows you to hold your tattoo machine longer and have a smooth tattoo process. When using your tattoo machine, it’s advisable to hold it at a standard angle of 45 and 60 degrees when putting tattoo ink into the skin. To hold your gun for longer, apply box motion. The box motion usually works more effectively than circles. Your hand is also more relaxed; thus, you don’t tire before completing the tattoo process. Note that when you hold your machine at different angles, the tattoo needles will go deeper in some areas than others.
- This makes you create uneven tattoos, which are not perfect;
- Another important thing is that the angle you hold the tattoo machines also determines how deep it goes inside the skin surface;
- Change the angles depending on the level of penetration you need;
Watch this video on the correct tattoo machine holding angle. CHECK: Budget Tattoo Machines to Try!.
What size needle is best for tattoo lining?
#12 Gauge (0. 35mm Diameter) – Just like the 0. 30mm needles. #12 gauges are highly popular across all needle groupings and tattoo styles. Anyone referring to #12 or 0. 35mm needles may also call them Standards. Common in lining and traditional work as they have a faster ink flow.
What voltage should a tattoo liner run at?
Thanks For Submitting Your Message! – Check back here to see your message once we’ve reviewed it. What voltage do people use for lining and shading when using a tattoo pen? Submitted by: Gary John Wood 2 years ago 1 Answers Reading Time: < 1 minute Hi Gary, voltage settings are always depending on your style of tattooing, the machine you are using and your personal taste. You should take time with your machine to find out which voltage is the right for you and the machine. Generally most artists use voltages around 7v-9v for lining (8 should be a good start) and 8-10v for shading. Please login or Register to submit your answer Want to know something you can't find here? Ask A Question.
How do you know if the tattoo needle is too deep?
Proper Tattoo Needle Depth 12/09/2010 16:40:48 Setting Proper Needle Depth Skin has a total of 3 layers: Epidermis (composed of 5 sublayers), Dermis and subcutaneous tissue. The tattoo needle depth should penetrate into the Dermis layer. If the depth is too shallow, it will only penetrate into the epidermis sub layers and the ink will “bleed out” as the tattoo heals. This is because the 5 sub layers of the Epidermis is constantly growing outward to the top, any ink deposited will just be shed back out.
If the depth is too deep, you will be causing unnecessary pain to your client and run the risk of infection. The dermis layer of skin is between 1mm and 2mm into the skin. So when you are adjusting the tattoo machine, you will have to adjust within this parameter.
With the needle, grip and proper tip (e. 3RL needle will go with a 3RT tip) on the tattoo machine, adjust the depth by adjusting the depth of the tip. Make sure you hold down the armature bar so that you are adjusting the tip at the point where the needle is in its down position.
- The tip of the needle should not be sticking out anymore than 2mm and no less than 1mm;
- Keep in mind that every person’s skin type is different and there is no exact measure;
- If during your tattoo there are excessive amounts of blood, it is obviously going in too deep;
Practicing on fruit is a good method before trying on human skin. If the fruit is being badly damaged while you are puncturing the skin, the depth is going in too deep. By David H..
Why do they wrap tattoo guns?
“> Click here to purchase Tattoo Grip Tape www. tattoogriptape. com True Tattoo Grip Tape available in black and logo, is a comfortable, self adhesive, expanding, cotton material tape wrap for tattoo tube grips providing extra cushioning and grip for the tattoo artist’s hands while tattooing! Tattoo Grip Tape is designed to provide the artist with a more comfortable grip or to bulk up an existing tube grip.
Tattoo Grip Tape is a self adherent wrap that is constructed using elastic fibers and a non-woven cotton material that sticks to itself, but not to your skin or gloves. Tattoo Grip Tape is also a great alternative to regular medical tape to keep the covering on a new tattoo or in place or as a light compression if desired to reduce new tattoo leakage or for those hard areas on the body to keep a normal bandage on.
Tattoo Grip Tape is easy to wrap around any tattoo tube, is comfortable, porous, lightweight, and removal is quick, easy and pain free. Also, Tattoo Grip Tape works great for bandaging your clients new tattoos. Every roll of Tattoo Grip Tape is individually wrapped for clean use with every roll so that it is protected until used. This product is latex free and comes in True Black only! TATTOO GRIP TAPE:
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- Reduces vibration and Gives tattoo grip a softer cushion.
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- Cotton Tattoo tape is easily torn without scissors.
- Wrap more tattoo grip tape to increase grip width.
- Also good for bandaging your clients tattoos.
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Why does my tattoo needle get stuck in skin?
Original Post: December 18th, 2017 In this latest installment I am elaborating on rotary stroke characteristics. What exactly is happening when the motor rotates the cam, which moves the yoke, which makes the needle go up and down. It may seem simple, but there are some characteristics to this movement which you may not realize but knowing these characteristics will help you chose a more appropriate machine and may even help you tattoo better.
Below is a diagram I drew of an offset cam. Any rotary tattoo machine that you can buy has an offset cam. It is how the motor turns rotational movement into linear movement. The offset is what the stroke is often referred to.
It is how far the shaft of the motor is offset from the center of the cam. In this diagram I have separated the cam into 4 equal parts, shown here as arrows around a circle, the circle representing the cam. I have also shaded areas in the background, blue in the middle and red on top and bottom. As the motor spins it is spinning a cam. For the sake of this explanation we can say that the motor is spinning at a constant rate all the way around it’s movement. That means that if you separate the cam’s path into 4 equal parts, as I have here, then the cam spends an equal amount of time in each of the 4 quadrants as it goes around.
I will get to the shaded areas shortly. Let’s now look at the shaded areas in the background. The shaded areas represent the vertical movement of the cam, or the needle movement in this case. As we look at the shaded area we can see that the vertical movement is shorter in the bottom and top sections, the shorter areas are shaded red.
As I said before, the needles are spending just as much time in this shorter area as the larger blue area. What does this mean? This means the needles are slowing down at the bottom and top of the stroke, and speeding through the movement around the crest of the top and bottom quadrants.
This seems like a no brainer, of course the movement has to slow down before it reverses direction right? But this isn’t just showing that the needle movement is slowing down, it shows that it is slowing down on half of the stroke.
The top quarter and the bottom quarter of the stroke, together make a half. Now that we got the complicated bit out of the way we can talk about how this translates actual tattooing. I’ve already talked about how a larger cam offset translates in to a faster needle speed in my previous posts, lets now talk about how the cam offset affects this “lag” at the top and bottom of the stroke. As you can see in the shaded diagram the red sections are where the needles are slowing down in their up and down movement. This area of lag grows as the offset grows, and shortens as the offset shortens, but the ratios always stay the same. The needle will always be slowing down through half of the entire stroke. This lag is beneficial on the bottom of the stroke. We want the needles to hang in the skin a bit on the down stroke, that allows our hand movement to open the skin and deposit ink in the cavity that forms behind the needle.
In turn we also like the needles to speed down to the skin, that gives us the penetrating power to break the skin and deposit the ink without causing a lot of undo trauma to the skin. It is the top area of lag which is the most troublesome.
Almost all of us who have ran rotaries have experienced that sensation where the needles seem to snag in the skin. The operator, thinking the machine is running too slow, or not hard enough will put more voltage to the machine speeding it up which just makes the needles come down with too much force, and come out of the skin much too fast.
- Running a tattoo machine too fast, rotary or coil results in skin that is beat up and undersaturated;
- That snagging sensation is actually just the needles slowing down at the top of the stroke;
- If the stroke is too short then the needles will actually start slowing down before they retract fully in to the tube;
If the needles are slowing down at the top of the stroke, but your hand isn’t, then you are going get that “snag” sensation. I like to make sure that the stroke on my rotary machines is long enough where the whole top quarter of the cam rotation happens inside the tube.
This turns this lag in to a benefit, as it slows down in the ink reservoir picking up as much ink as possible before racing down to skin. That means if you are running tube to the skin the needles are coming out of the tube at max velocity, slowing down at the bottom, and racing back up to the tube and your hand doesn’t feel the lag at all.
The image at the bottom shows how this looks at the needle end. The short stroke shows the needles slowing down before retracting in to the tube. The longer stroke shows the needle coming back from the bottom lag and entering the tube at it’s maximum speed. I had mentioned the needles retracting fully in to the ink reservoir and taking advantage of the top lag of the stroke. I want to explain something else that is happening while the needles are moving up and down. For this image I’ve used a shader but the concept holds true with liners as well. Most tubes have a separated ink reservoir and a flat area for the needles to ride on.
The tattoo needles have a solder lug holding the individual needles together. This solder lug acts as a lid to the ink reservoir. In a longer stroke machine the needles are allowed to move up enough for ink to spill in to the needle slide area.
On a shorter stroke machine the lug may never leave the top of the reservoir keeping the ink from spilling down to the skin. Many tattooers get around this by bending their needle bar, or bending the solder lug to allow the ink to flow under the needles but this is often not the best solution as the needles flatten out when tension is put on the bar from a rubber band.
- And bending isn’t a practical option for cartridges;
- A shorter stroke or a faster cycling needle will also cause turbulence in the ink reservoir and will actually push ink away the needles and back up the tube;
So what if you prefer a smaller cam offset? Some people prefer a shorter cam offset, they feel it makes their tattoos look smoother and the movement doesn’t feel as slappy, or harsh. If we think about the needle travel on a smaller offset rotary this makes sense.
The red shaded area at the top of the diagram, the area of lag, is closer to the tip of tube, and often even happening outside the tube. The needles are easing in to the skin rather than entering at their peak velocity.
That makes the movement feel softer. And as the needles are coming out of the skin they are slowing down before retracting fully into the tube. As the hand is moving the needles are slowing down, usually at the top couple millimeters of the stroke, right off the tip of the tube.
As the hand is moving and the needles are slowing down and scraping across the surface of the skin they are making superficial marks on the surface of the skin. The needles aren’t depositing this ink into the skin deep enough for it to stay, but it does have the appearance of “smoothing” things out.
Either black and gray or color, these superficial marks give the tattoo a well blended appearance but look at the result only a year or two later and much of the color, or grays will have fallen out. Ink has to be deposited in to the layer of retention or it will fall out prematurely, there are no shortcuts to this.
Going over areas multiple times doesn’t push ink further in to the skin, it only makes a more saturated superficial tattoo. Good for a photo but not for longevity. I feel it’s important to know your tattoo machine and how it is moving.
If you prefer a shorter stroke, just make sure the needles are fully in the tube the whole top quarter of the cam rotation. If you feel the snag sensation it’s best not to turn the machine up but rather be aware of what you’re actually feeling. If a longer cam offset feels too punchy or abrasive just slow it down and give it a try.
When you turn a rotary down, try keeping your hand speed the same as before. You want the needles to move slightly slower than your hand, turning rotaries down, or slowing them down is actually the most efficient way to use them and often speeds the work up.
I try to run my rotaries at the lowest speed possible without slowing my hand down. Thanks again for reading, hope this adds a bit of knowledge or at least gives a bit more familiarity to you and your machine..
Is tattoo gun better than pen?
Tattoo Pens – Credit: @hangwu7273 Unlike tattoo guns, tattoo pens are motor-driven and use needles that come in interchangeable cartridges. The pens are super easy to use and allow the tattoo artist easier handling and more stable work. Of course, tattoo guns are irreplaceable, but the tattoo pens do wonder in the right hands. It has been known that tattoo pens, because of their stability, ensure cleaner, sharper lines, and overall cleaner tattoos, compared to the work of tattoo guns.
- One of the main differences when it comes to tattoo guns and pens is that tattoo pens are almost completely silent;
- Tattoo guns are mostly recognized for the buzzing sound they produce during tattooing, while tattoo pens are incredibly quiet;
This is an excellent little feature, especially when you take into account that the buzzing sound of tattoo guns actually increases people’s anxiety and fear during tattooing. It is safe to say that a lot of tattoo artists prefer using tattoo pens to tattoo guns.
Can anyone buy a tattoo gun?
Olena Yakobchuk/Shutterstock There’s a reason it takes a long time to become a tattoo artist. While there’s no set average for how many years you need to put in before you can be deemed professional, the Alliance of Professional Tattooists recommend that aspiring ink masters complete at least three years of an apprenticeship before moving to the big leagues, according to Format.
- And even then, it usually takes around eight months for an artist in training to even tattoo their first client and earn a tattoo artist license;
- And it’s this license that enables you to purchase tattoo equipment, like a basic kit including tattoo machines, needles, and ink;
In the U. , it’s illegal for unlicensed tattoo artists to even possess tattoo equipment with “the intent to use it,” according to Body Jewellery Reviews. While an apprentice is unlicensed during their training, they are practicing their craft while be supervised by a licensed artist, per A Fashion Blog , which makes it okay.