When Was The First Tattoo?

When Was The First Tattoo
around 3300 BCE In terms of actual tattoos, the oldest known human to have tattoos preserved upon his mummified skin is a Bronze-Age man from around 3300 BCE. Found in a glacier of the Otztal Alps, near the border between Austria and Italy, ‘Otzi the Iceman’ had 57 tattoos.

What was the first tattoo ever?

Fred Verhoeven You might not think the sullen, tattooed teenager skulking around your local record store has anything in common with Winston Churchill, but you would be wrong. Sir Winston, King George V, and the slaves of ancient Greece—to name a few—all have their place in the colorful history of skin decoration. For a practice so commonly associated with youth, tattooing is remarkably old, says professor Nina Jablonski, head of Penn State’s anthropology department and author of Skin: A Natural History.

  1. “Tattoos have probably been important to people for over 10,000 years,” she notes;
  2. The oldest documented tattoos belong to Otzi the Iceman, whose preserved body was discovered in the Alps between Austria and Italy in 1991;

He died around 3300 B. , says Jablonski, but the practice of inserting pigment under the skin’s surface originated long before Otzi. In Japan, tattooing is thought to go back to the Paleolithic era, and tattooed Egyptian mummies—primarily female—have been uncovered dating to the age of the pyramids.

In 1948, the excavation of Siberian tombs revealed bodies over 2,000 years old decorated with tattoos of animals and mythical beasts. Egypt’s international trade spread the practice of tattooing to Crete, Greece, and Arabia, and there is a history of tattooing in ancient China, as well as among Celtic and Northern European tribes, such as the Picts—literally “painted people”—and in Samoa and the Polynesian islands, where the word “tatou” originated.

In fact, Jablonski explains, tattooing is as widespread as it is ancient, popping up on every inhabited continent. With the rise of Christianity, tattooing became increasingly associated with paganism and the criminal class, and was prohibited in Europe under the first Christian Roman emperor, Constantine.

In the late eighteenth century, the practice of tattooing became popular among British sailors around the time of Captain James Cook’s voyages to Tahiti, and for a time, tattoos were present in the western world mostly on the bodies of seamen returning from the South Pacific.

But the art form experienced a resurgence among the British gentry after King George V and later Edward VII were tattooed (with a dragon and a cross, respectively), and foreign courts followed the British Court’s lead, sparking a rash of tattooed royalty during the nineteenth century.

According to Jablonski, “Tattoos become more socially acceptable because they are visibly sported by people who are themselves socially accepted. ” “People’s reasons for tattooing have varied from place to place,” she adds, “but their central purpose in all places and throughout time has been to convey a message of great significance through a visible symbol.

” In the Middle East, mourners rubbed the ash from funeral pyres into self-inflicted wounds, thereby carrying a piece of the departed with them forever. Tattoos have long been used as a means of identification: The Romans tattooed their criminals and slaves, a practice that was adopted by the Japanese in the early 17 th century, and the Nazis tattooed numbers on the arms of Jews during the Holocaust to dehumanize concentration camp inmates and identify their corpses.

Despite these grim uses, people today primarily use tattoos to tell their personal stories, as talismans, or to memorialize a loved one. “Their permanence is their allure,” Jablonski explains. Today, actor Brad Pitt has an image of Otzi the Iceman tattooed on his arm, and the adoption of the practice by movie stars and sports personalities has taken some of the taboo out of the tattoo.

Still, says Jablonski, tattooing retains its reputation as a subculture identifier, though young people are more likely to view tattoos as just another form of self-expression. Tattoos have never been as varied in content and design as they are now. Observes Jablonski, “Classic tattoos will always have a place, but people are increasingly using their bodies to create landscape/bodyscape effects.

” Whatever the direction it takes, tattooing is here to stay. “Tattoos are part of an ancient and universal tradition of human self-decoration and expression,” she concludes. “They convey their messages without words and sometimes even long after death.

” Diamonds may be lost or stolen—it’s a tattoo that is forever. Nina Jablonski, Ph. , is professor and head of anthropology in the College of the Liberal Arts, ngj2@psu. edu. Skin: A Natural History was published in October 2006 by University of California Press..

What culture started tattoos?

Ancient practices [ edit ] – Preserved tattoos on ancient mummified human remains reveal that tattooing has been practiced throughout the world for millennia. [3] In 2015, scientific re-assessment of the age of the two oldest known tattooed mummies identified Ötzi as the oldest example then known. [6] Hawaiian hafted tattoo instrument, mallet, and ink bowl, which are the characteristic instruments of traditional Austronesian tattooing culture Ancient tattooing was most widely practiced among the Austronesian people. It was one of the early technologies developed by the Pre-Austronesians in Taiwan and coastal South China prior to at least 1500 BCE, before the Austronesian expansion into the islands of the Indo-Pacific. [7] [8] [9] It may have originally been associated with headhunting.

This body, with 61 tattoos, was found embedded in glacial ice in the Alps , and was dated to 3250 BCE. [3] [5] In 2018, the oldest figurative tattoos in the world were discovered on two mummies from Egypt which are dated between 3351 and 3017 BCE.

[10] Tattooing traditions, including facial tattooing, can be found among all Austronesian subgroups, including Taiwanese Aborigines , Islander Southeast Asians , Micronesians , Polynesians , and the Malagasy people. For the most part Austronesians used characteristic perpendicularly hafted tattooing points that were tapped on the handle with a length of wood (called the “mallet”) to drive the tattooing points into the skin.

The handle and mallet were generally made of wood while the points, either single, grouped or arranged to form a comb were made of Citrus thorns, fish bone, bone, teeth and turtle and oyster shells. [7] [11] [9] [12] Ancient tattooing traditions have also been documented among Papuans and Melanesians , with their use of distinctive obsidian skin piercers.

Some archeological sites with these implements are associated with the Austronesian migration into Papua New Guinea and Melanesia. But other sites are older than the Austronesian expansion, being dated to around 1650 to 2000 BCE, suggesting that there was a preexisting tattooing tradition in the region.

  • [9] [13] Among other ethnolinguistic groups, tattooing was also practiced among the Ainu people of Japan; [14] some Austroasians of Indochina ; [15] Berber women of Tamazgha (North Africa); [16] the Yoruba , Fulani and Hausa people of Nigeria; [17] Native Americans of the Pre-Columbian Americas ; [18] [19] [20] and the Welsh and Picts of Iron Age Britain;


Where did tattooing come from?

The tattooed right hand of a Chiribaya mummy is displayed at El Algarrobal Museum, near the port of Ilo in southern Peru. The Chiribaya were farmers who lived from A. 900 to 1350. Joann Fletcher Humans have marked their bodies with tattoos for thousands of years. These permanent designs—sometimes plain, sometimes elaborate, always personal—have served as amulets, status symbols, declarations of love, signs of religious beliefs, adornments and even forms of punishment.

  1. Joann Fletcher, research fellow in the department of archaeology at the University of York in Britain, describes the history of tattoos and their cultural significance to people around the world, from the famous ” Iceman,” a 5,200-year-old frozen mummy, to today’s Maori;

What is the earliest evidence of tattoos? In terms of tattoos on actual bodies, the earliest known examples were for a long time Egyptian and were present on several female mummies dated to c. 2000 B. But following the more recent discovery of the Iceman from the area of the Italian-Austrian border in 1991 and his tattoo patterns, this date has been pushed back a further thousand years when he was carbon-dated at around 5,200 years old.

Can you describe the tattoos on the Iceman and their significance? Following discussions with my colleague Professor Don Brothwell of the University of York, one of the specialists who examined him, the distribution of the tattooed dots and small crosses on his lower spine and right knee and ankle joints correspond to areas of strain-induced degeneration, with the suggestion that they may have been applied to alleviate joint pain and were therefore essentially therapeutic.

This would also explain their somewhat ‘random’ distribution in areas of the body which would not have been that easy to display had they been applied as a form of status marker. What is the evidence that ancient Egyptians had tattoos? There’s certainly evidence that women had tattoos on their bodies and limbs from figurines c.

  1. 4000-3500 B;
  2. to occasional female figures represented in tomb scenes c;
  3. 1200 B;
  4. and in figurine form c;
  5. 1300 B;
  6. , all with tattoos on their thighs;
  7. Also small bronze implements identified as tattooing tools were discovered at the town site of Gurob in northern Egypt and dated to c;

1450 B. And then, of course, there are the mummies with tattoos, from the three women already mentioned and dated to c. 2000 B. to several later examples of female mummies with these forms of permanent marks found in Greco-Roman burials at Akhmim. What function did these tattoos serve? Who got them and why? Because this seemed to be an exclusively female practice in ancient Egypt, mummies found with tattoos were usually dismissed by the (male) excavators who seemed to assume the women were of “dubious status,” described in some cases as “dancing girls.

  • ” The female mummies had nevertheless been buried at Deir el-Bahari (opposite modern Luxor) in an area associated with royal and elite burials, and we know that at least one of the women described as “probably a royal concubine” was actually a high-status priestess named Amunet, as revealed by her funerary inscriptions;

And although it has long been assumed that such tattoos were the mark of prostitutes or were meant to protect the women against sexually transmitted diseases, I personally believe that the tattooing of ancient Egyptian women had a therapeutic role and functioned as a permanent form of amulet during the very difficult time of pregnancy and birth.

  • This is supported by the pattern of distribution, largely around the abdomen, on top of the thighs and the breasts, and would also explain the specific types of designs, in particular the net-like distribution of dots applied over the abdomen;

During pregnancy, this specific pattern would expand in a protective fashion in the same way bead nets were placed over wrapped mummies to protect them and “keep everything in. ” The placing of small figures of the household deity Bes at the tops of their thighs would again suggest the use of tattoos as a means of safeguarding the actual birth, since Bes was the protector of women in labor, and his position at the tops of the thighs a suitable location.

  1. This would ultimately explain tattoos as a purely female custom;
  2. Who made the tattoos? Although we have no explicit written evidence in the case of ancient Egypt, it may well be that the older women of a community would create the tattoos for the younger women, as happened in 19th-century Egypt and happens in some parts of the world today;

What instruments did they use? It is possible that an implement best described as a sharp point set in a wooden handle, dated to c. 3000 B. and discovered by archaeologist W. Petrie at the site of Abydos may have been used to create tattoos. Petrie also found the aforementioned set of small bronze instruments c.

  • 1450 B;
  • —resembling wide, flattened needles—at the ancient town site of Gurob;
  • If tied together in a bunch, they would provide repeated patterns of multiple dots;
  • These instruments are also remarkably similar to much later tattooing implements used in 19th-century Egypt;

The English writer William Lane (1801-1876) observed, “the operation is performed with several needles (generally seven) tied together: with these the skin is pricked in a desired pattern: some smoke black (of wood or oil), mixed with milk from the breast of a woman, is then rubbed in.

It is generally performed at the age of about 5 or 6 years, and by gipsy-women. ” What did these tattoos look like? Most examples on mummies are largely dotted patterns of lines and diamond patterns, while figurines sometimes feature more naturalistic images.

The tattoos occasionally found in tomb scenes and on small female figurines which form part of cosmetic items also have small figures of the dwarf god Bes on the thigh area. What were they made of? How many colors were used? Usually a dark or black pigment such as soot was introduced into the pricked skin. / This mummified head of a woman from the pre-Inca Chiribaya culture, located at the Azapa Museum in Arica, Chile, is adorned with facial tattoos on her lower left cheek. Joann Fletcher / The tattooed right hand of a Chiribaya mummy is displayed at El Algarrobal Museum, near the port of Ilo in southern Peru. The Chiribaya were farmers who lived from A. 900 to 1350. Joann Fletcher / A tattooed predynastic female figurine (c. 4000-3500 B. ) is displayed at the Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology in Oxford. Joann Fletcher / The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York is home to this tattooed predynastic female figure. Joann Fletcher / This female figurine from Naszca, Peru, is now displayed at the Regional Museum of Ica. Joann Fletcher / Small bronze tattooing implements (c. 1450 B. ) from Gurob, Egypt, can be found at the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology in London. Joann Fletcher / This blue bowl (c. 1300 B. ), housed in the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden in Leiden, Amsterdam, features a musician tattooed with an image of the household deity Bes on her thigh. Joann Fletcher What has surprised you the most about ancient Egyptian tattooing? That it appears to have been restricted to women during the purely dynastic period, i.

It seems that brighter colors were largely used in other ancient cultures, such as the Inuit who are believed to have used a yellow color along with the more usual darker pigments. pre-332 B. Also the way in which some of the designs can be seen to be very well placed, once it is accepted they were used as a means of safeguarding women during pregnancy and birth.

Can you describe the tattoos used in other ancient cultures and how they differ? Among the numerous ancient cultures who appear to have used tattooing as a permanent form of body adornment, the Nubians to the south of Egypt are known to have used tattoos.

  • The mummified remains of women of the indigenous C-group culture found in cemeteries near Kubban c;
  • 2000-15000 B;
  • were found to have blue tattoos, which in at least one case featured the same arrangement of dots across the abdomen noted on the aforementioned female mummies from Deir el-Bahari;

The ancient Egyptians also represented the male leaders of the Libyan neighbors c. 1300-1100 B. with clear, rather geometrical tattoo marks on their arms and legs and portrayed them in Egyptian tomb, temple and palace scenes. The Scythian Pazyryk of the Altai Mountain region were another ancient culture which employed tattoos.

In 1948, the 2,400 year old body of a Scythian male was discovered preserved in ice in Siberia, his limbs and torso covered in ornate tattoos of mythical animals. Then, in 1993, a woman with tattoos, again of mythical creatures on her shoulders, wrists and thumb and of similar date, was found in a tomb in Altai.

The practice is also confirmed by the Greek writer Herodotus c. 450 B. , who stated that amongst the Scythians and Thracians “tattoos were a mark of nobility, and not to have them was testimony of low birth. ” Accounts of the ancient Britons likewise suggest they too were tattooed as a mark of high status, and with “divers shapes of beasts” tattooed on their bodies, the Romans named one northern tribe “Picti,” literally “the painted people.

” Yet amongst the Greeks and Romans, the use of tattoos or “stigmata” as they were then called, seems to have been largely used as a means to mark someone as “belonging” either to a religious sect or to an owner in the case of slaves or even as a punitive measure to mark them as criminals.

It is therefore quite intriguing that during Ptolemaic times when a dynasty of Macedonian Greek monarchs ruled Egypt, the pharaoh himself, Ptolemy IV (221-205 B. ), was said to have been tattooed with ivy leaves to symbolize his devotion to Dionysus, Greek god of wine and the patron deity of the royal house at that time.

  1. The fashion was also adopted by Roman soldiers and spread across the Roman Empire until the emergence of Christianity, when tattoos were felt to “disfigure that made in God’s image” and so were banned by the Emperor Constantine (A;

306-373). We have also examined tattoos on mummified remains of some of the ancient pre-Columbian cultures of Peru and Chile, which often replicate the same highly ornate images of stylized animals and a wide variety of symbols found in their textile and pottery designs.

  • One stunning female figurine of the Naszca culture has what appears to be a huge tattoo right around her lower torso, stretching across her abdomen and extending down to her genitalia and, presumably, once again alluding to the regions associated with birth;

Then on the mummified remains which have survived, the tattoos were noted on torsos, limbs, hands, the fingers and thumbs, and sometimes facial tattooing was practiced. With extensive facial and body tattooing used among Native Americans, such as the Cree, the mummified bodies of a group of six Greenland Inuit women c.

  1. 1475 also revealed evidence for facial tattooing;
  2. Infrared examination revealed that five of the women had been tattooed in a line extending over the eyebrows, along the cheeks and in some cases with a series of lines on the chin;

Another tattooed female mummy, dated 1,000 years earlier, was also found on St. Lawrence Island in the Bering Sea, her tattoos of dots, lines and hearts confined to the arms and hands. Evidence for tattooing is also found amongst some of the ancient mummies found in China’s Taklamakan Desert c.

  • 1200 B;
  • , although during the later Han Dynasty (202 B;
  • -A;
  • 220), it seems that only criminals were tattooed;
  • Japanese men began adorning their bodies with elaborate tattoos in the late A;
  • 3rd century;
  • The elaborate tattoos of the Polynesian cultures are thought to have developed over millennia, featuring highly elaborate geometric designs, which in many cases can cover the whole body;

Following James Cook’s British expedition to Tahiti in 1769, the islanders’ term “tatatau” or “tattau,” meaning to hit or strike, gave the west our modern term “tattoo. ” The marks then became fashionable among Europeans, particularly so in the case of men such as sailors and coal-miners, with both professions which carried serious risks and presumably explaining the almost amulet-like use of anchors or miner’s lamp tattoos on the men’s forearms.

  • What about modern tattoos outside of the western world? Modern Japanese tattoos are real works of art, with many modern practioners, while the highly skilled tattooists of Samoa continue to create their art as it was carried out in ancient times, prior to the invention of modern tattooing equipment;

Various cultures throughout Africa also employ tattoos, including the fine dots on the faces of Berber women in Algeria, the elaborate facial tattoos of Wodabe men in Niger and the small crosses on the inner forearms which mark Egypt’s Christian Copts.

What do Maori facial designs represent? In the Maori culture of New Zealand, the head was considered the most important part of the body, with the face embellished by incredibly elaborate tattoos or ‘moko,’ which were regarded as marks of high status.

Each tattoo design was unique to that individual and since it conveyed specific information about their status, rank, ancestry and abilities, it has accurately been described as a form of id card or passport, a kind of aesthetic bar code for the face.

After sharp bone chisels were used to cut the designs into the skin, a soot-based pigment would be tapped into the open wounds, which then healed over to seal in the design. With the tattoos of warriors given at various stages in their lives as a kind of rite of passage, the decorations were regarded as enhancing their features and making them more attractive to the opposite sex.

Although Maori women were also tattooed on their faces, the markings tended to be concentrated around the nose and lips. Although Christian missionaries tried to stop the procedure, the women maintained that tattoos around their mouths and chins prevented the skin becoming wrinkled and kept them young; the practice was apparently continued as recently as the 1970s.

  • Why do you think so many cultures have marked the human body and did their practices influence one another? In many cases, it seems to have sprung up independently as a permanent way to place protective or therapeutic symbols upon the body, then as a means of marking people out into appropriate social, political or religious groups, or simply as a form of self-expression or fashion statement;
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Yet, as in so many other areas of adornment, there was of course cross-cultural influences, such as those which existed between the Egyptians and Nubians, the Thracians and Greeks and the many cultures encountered by Roman soldiers during the expansion of the Roman Empire in the final centuries B.

Why is tattoo a sin?

Sunni Islam [ edit ] – The majority of Sunni Muslims believe tattooing is a sin, because it involves changing the natural creation of God, inflicting unnecessary pain in the process. Tattoos are classified as dirty things, which is prohibited in Islam.

They believe that a dirty body will directly lead to a dirty mind and will destroy their wudhu, ritual ablution. [24] Some Shafi’i scholars such as Amjad Rasheed argue that tattooing causes impurity and that tattoos were prohibited by the Prophet Muhammad.

They also claim that those who are decorated with tattoos are contaminated with najas , [25] due to potential mixture of blood and coloured pigment that remains upon the surface of the skin. [26] Blood is viewed as an impure substance, so a person with a tattoo cannot engage in several religious practices.

[27] However, in the present day, it is possible to get a tattoo without mixing dye with blood after it exits onto the outer surface of the body, leaving a possibility for a Muslim to wear a tattoo and perform a valid prayer.

Scholar Yusuf al-Qaradawi states that tattoos are sinful because they are an expression of vanity and they alter the physical creation of God. [28] According to the online South African Deobandi fatwa service called Ask-the-Imam , Muslims should remove any tattoos they have if possible or cover them in some way.

What does the Bible say about tattoos?

Tattoos have been around for millennia. People got them at least five thousand years ago. Today they’re common everywhere from Maori communities in New Zealand to office parks in Ohio. But in the ancient Middle East, the writers of the Hebrew Bible forbade tattooing.

  • Per Leviticus 19:28, “You shall not make gashes in your flesh for the dead, or incise any marks on yourselves;
  • ” Historically, scholars have often understood this as a warning against pagan practices of mourning;

But language scholar John Huehnergard and ancient-Israel expert Harold Liebowitz  argue that tattooing was understood differently in ancient times. Huehnergard and Liebowitz note that the appearance of the ban on incisions—or tattoos—comes right after words clearly related to mourning, perhaps confirming the original theory.

  • And yet, looking at what’s known about death rituals in ancient Mesopotamia, Syria, Israel, and Egypt, they find no references to marking the skin as a sign of mourning;
  • They also note that there are other examples in Leviticus and Exodus where two halves of a verse address different issues;

So that could be the case here, too. What tattoos were apparently often used for in ancient Mesopotamia was marking enslaved people (and, in Egypt, as decorations for women of all social classes). Egyptian captives were branded with the name of a god, marking them as belongings of the priests or pharaoh.

But devotees might also be branded with the name of the god they worshiped. Huehnergard and Liebowitz suggest that, given the key role of the escape from Egyptian bondage in ancient Jewish law, the Torah originally banned tattooing because it was “the symbol of servitude.

” Interestingly, though, they write that there’s one other apparent reference to tattooing in the Hebrew Bible. Isaiah 44:5 describes the children of Jacob committing themselves to God: “One shall say, ‘I am the LORD’s’… Another shall mark his arm ‘of the LORD.

‘” Here a tattoo appears to be allowable as a sign of submission, not to a human master but to God. Ancient rabbinic debates produced a variety of different theories about the meaning of the prohibition on tattooing.

Some authorities believed that tattoos were only disallowed if they had certain messages, such as the name of God, the phrase “I am the Lord,” or the name of a pagan deity. Talmudic law developed around 200 CE says that a tattoo is only disallowed if it is done “for the purpose of idolatry”—but not if it’s intended to mark a person’s enslaved status.

Why do humans get tattoos?

Body art, body bling, self-graffiti, walking billboards, fashionable ink accessories. Each of these expressions depict the physical nature of the tattoo. What’s often NOT discussed, however, is the emotional side of tattoos. I vividly remember the first time I saw a “tramp stamp.

” A woman was reaching for something in the front row of a large auditorium and a few rows of men and women witnessed her walking artistry. Everyone had a reaction. And once she left the room, we all talked about it.

It was like group therapy. The responses ranged from “She’s definitely a party girl, probably drinks a lot, has a lot of sex and a rough childhood,” to “She’s probably really creative, edgy, a leader and an independent thinker. ” Some liked her more, some liked her less and many guys were more interested in her because of the tattoo.

Whatever the response, we were all intrigued, and each of us conjured up our own personal version of her story — all from the sight of a well-placed tattoo. In those days, tattoos were still controversial.

Now, they’re more accepted than ever. You could even call them “trendy. ” In the nightlife scene, tattoo artists are rapidly becoming a popular career choice. Sooner or later, we’re going to see a leather-clad, tattoo-sleeved, multi-pierced guy named Rocko at our kid’s career fair standing next to the “Be a DJ” booth.

  1. Although tattoos have been around for more than 5,000 years (Egyptians used tattoos to differentiate peasants from slaves and social branding has been around a long time), ink art has really exploded in the last 25 years;

[1] Is it social branding? Tattoos are a conversation starter. Either there’s a story attached or a “skin”-showing session or an emotional response derived from the sight of ink art. And the emotional response from the sight of tattoos leads to a modern-day version of social branding.

“He must be tough. ” “She’s probably easy. ” “He’ll never get a corporate job. ” “She just wants to drink vodka tonics and dance on a speaker. ” Of course there are variables. In my opinion, the older you are, the less chance you’ll be forgiving of tattoos.

Neck and face tattoos are usually not as well-received as other locations no matter what your age (sorry, Big Mike). Where you put the tattoo, how may tattoos you have, what the tattoos is and the size of the tattoos all help shape the emotional response of the viewer.

And that observer could be anyone from a potential boss, a family member or a date. You’re incredibly naïve or in total denial if you think your tattoos aren’t going to have a significant positive or negative influence on people who don’t know you well.

Why Get Tattoos? People get tattoos for many reasons: for attention, self-expression, artistic freedom, rebellion, a visual display of a personal narrative, reminders of spiritual/cultural traditions, sexual motivation, addiction, identification with a group or even drunken impulsiveness (which is why many tattoo parlors are open late).

And now, according to some research studies , 15-38 percent of Americans have some type of long-term body art. What was once considered self-mutilatory behavior and a psychiatric problem has now become almost normative behavior.

What Does Your Tattoo Mean? Some people mark themselves for life to remind them of past family members or ancient sayings or religious scriptures or names of their current family/love interest. Other people use tattoos to enhance their sexual prowess or feed their exhibitionist side, and many people use tattoos to visually promote their identity and/or group affiliation. Research on tattoos reveals some interesting findings:

  • Adults with tattoos have been shown to be more sexually active than controls without tattoos.
  • People with tattoos have been shown to be more likely to engage in more higher risk behaviors.
  • Women who get tattoos are more than twice as likely to get them removed as men.
  • In studying first impressions of people that have tattoos, researchers have found that avatars (neutral) with tattoos and other body modifications were rated as more likely to be thrill and adventure seekers, to have a higher number of previous sexual partners, and to be less inhibited than non-tattooed avatars. This study looked at general stigma associated with people sporting tattoos.
  • And another study showed both men and women had higher body appreciation, higher self esteem and lower anxiety right after getting new tattoos. Surprisingly, three weeks later men continued to have less anxiety but women had a sharp increase in anxiety that may be associated with concerns about body image.
  • And I’ve personally seen tattoo markings used as an endorphin release and substitute for addictive behavior. An individual addicted to pills was able to stop popping pills but then subsequently became addicted to getting body ink. So what does this mean? Our current society craves individuality and self expression. And now many people wear their artistic expression.

    1. “I stand for;
    2. ” Johnny Depp said, “My body is my journal and my tattoos are my story;
    3. ” Tattoos can visually reveal more about you or distract people from getting to know the real you;
    4. Some people hide behind their tattoos;

    We are having more trouble communicating with each other than ever before, as electronic communication will never replace face-to-face human contact. So, it’s not surprising that there’s a growing trend toward communication via body ink. We don’t have to talk, we just have to look.

    Our bodies have become the refrigerator magnets of quotes, sayings and reminders. Whether you like it or not, tattoos are growing in popularity. The long-term fear of being “marked for life” is being tempered by tattoo removal technology and people getting used to seeing tattoos.

    Personally, I chose not to have a tattoo (henna tattoos don’t count) because the beauty of life is that it’s unexpected and we change with our experiences. What we stand for and believe in at 18 is very different than 35 or 60. If we stood for one thing in life and it never changed, then we could all have “life script” tattoos (and face boredom on a regular basis).

    • But we do grow and change;
    • I appreciate the artistry of tattoos but also enjoy the mystery of learning about someone without being “visually influenced” to have a response;
    • We all judge, and first impressions probably carry more weight than they should;

    Whatever your feelings are about tattoos, one thing is for sure: There’s definitely more than meets the eye. Reference: 1. Caplan J. (Ed). 2000. Written on the Body: The Tattoo in European & American History; Princeton N. , Princeton University Press For more by Reef Karim, D.

    What’s the purpose of tattoos?

    On a fall day in 1991, two Germans hiking in the Alps near the Italian- Austrian border stumbled across what they initially believed to be a modern corpse frozen in the ice. Once the body was retrieved however, authorities discovered that it was anything but modern.

    The mummy, nicknamed Ötzi after the valley where it was found, had survived in the ice to the ripe, old age of 5,300 years. Analysis of the remains showed that when Ötzi died, he was a 30 to 45 year old man, standing roughly 160 cm tall.

    Mystery surrounds the exact circumstances of Ötzi’s death, although evidence suggests a violent end. That, however, is not the only secret Ötzi hides. Ötzi has over fifty lines and crosses tattooed onto his body – the earliest known evidence of tattooing in the world – most of them on his spine, knee and ankle joints.

    • The locations of many of the markings are consistent with traditional Chinese acupuncture points, specifically those that are used to treat back pain and stomach upset;
    • What is intriguing is that Ötzi lived roughly 2,000 years before the oldest generally accepted evidence of acupuncture, and well west of its purported origins in China;

    X-rays revealed that Ötzi had arthritis in his hip joint, knees, ankles and spine; forensic analysis discovered evidence of whipworm eggs – known to cause severe abdominal pain – in Ötzi’s stomach. It is, therefore, possible that Ötzi’s tattoos did in fact play a therapeutic role, and that acupuncture has a slightly more complicated history than previously believed.

    Before Ötzi poked his head through the ice, the earliest conclusive evidence of tattoos came from a handful of Egyptian mummies that date to the time of the construction of the great pyramids over 4,000 years ago.

    Indirect archaeological evidence (i. statuettes with engraved designs that are occasionally associated with needles and clay discs containing ochre) suggests that the practice of tattooing may actually be much older and more widespread than the mummies would have us believe.

    Ethnographic and historical texts reveal that tattooing has been practiced by just about every human culture in historic times. The ancient Greeks used tattoos from the 5th century on to communicate among spies; later, the Romans marked criminals and slaves with tattoos.

    In Japan, criminals were tattooed with a single line across their forehead for a first offence; for the second offence an arch was added, and finally, for the third offence, another line was tattooed which completed the symbol for “dog”: the original three strikes and you’re out!  Evidence suggests that the Maya, Inca and Aztec used tattooing in rituals, and that the early Britons used tattoos in certain ceremonies.

    • The Danes, Norse and Saxons are known to have tattooed family crests onto their bodies;
    • During the crusades, some Europeans tattooed a cross on their hands or arms to mark their participation and indicate their desire for a Christian burial should they not return;

    From the Tahitian “tatau” which means to mark or strike, the word tattoo refers to some of the traditional modes of application where ink is “tapped” into the skin by using sharp sticks or bone. Certain peoples in the Arctic however, have used a needle to pull carbon-embedded thread under the skin to create linear designs.

    1. And still others have traditionally cut designs into the skin and then rubbed the incisions with ink or ashes;
    2. Modern electric tattoo machines are modeled on the one patented by New York tattoo artist Samuel O’Reilly in 1891, which itself is only slightly different from Thomas Edison’s electric engraver pen, patented in 1876;

    The needles of a modern machine move up and down at a rate of between 50- 3000 vibrations per minute; they penetrate only about 1 mm below the surface of the skin to deliver pigments. Our bodies treat the injected pigments as non-toxic foreign elements that need to be contained.

    So, certain types of cells in our bodies engulf the minute amounts of pigment. Once full, they move poorly and become relatively fixed in the connective tissue of the dermis, which is why tattoo designs do not generally change with time.

    A pigment’s molecules are actually colorless. Those molecules though, are arranged into crystals in various ways such that colors are produced when light refracts off of them. The pigments that are used in tattoos are often made of metal salts, which are metals that have reacted with oxygen; this process is called oxidation and is exemplified by rusting iron.

    • The pigment is held in a carrier solution to disinfect the pigments by inhibiting the growth of pathogens, to keep it evenly mixed and to facilitate its application;
    • Most modern pigments are carried by alcohols, specifically methyl or ethyl alcohols, which are the simplest and most commonly used types;

    The popularity of tattoos has continuously risen and fallen through time. Currently, the practice of tattooing is booming, and it is estimated that roughly one in every seven people in N. America – over 39 million people total – have at least one tattoo. Through time and around the world, the reasons for getting tattoos are numerous and varied.

    They include religious purposes, for protection or as a source of power, as an indication of group membership, as a status symbol, as an artistic expression, for permanent cosmetics, and as an adjunct to reconstructive surgery.

    And now, a new reason can be added to the list: Andrew Fisher, an American webpage designer, recently auctioned his forehead as ad space on eBay. It sold for over $37,000 and left Andrew with a snoring remedy logo tattooed (semi- permanently) on his head for a month.

    When was tattoo removal invented?

    Picosecond lasers are currently the state-of-the-art treatment for tattoo removal. Here at  Shore Vascular and Vein Center , we offer the  enlighten  picosecond laser tattoo removal in the Atlantic County, Cape May County and Ocean County, NJ area. It’s highly effective and with it we can remove most tattoos in the shortest amount of time and more completely than with any other laser.

    Tattoo Removal in the Past: Before Picosecond Lasers Tattoo regret isn’t a modern thing; in fact, it’s safe to say that it has been around since people started getting tattoos! In earlier times, people used painful and often more dangerous means to remove their tattoos.

    One of the methods they used was dermabrasion, which was done with a rough object (such as a wire brush) and exposed the client to infections. Another technique was salabrasion, which used table salt and a gauze pad and left the client with lots of scarring.

    As the times progressed, people turned to more modern yet still ineffective tattoo removal methods that caused pain, scarring, and infections. Some used chemicals like tannic acid and silver nitrate as well as certain kinds of phenol solutions, which caused burns and left the skin disfigured.

    Others surgically removed the skin where the tattoo was placed and, in cases where a large tattoo is removed, covered the affected area with a skin graft. Still others froze the tattooed area using cryogenics then removed the ink using microdermabrasion.

    • Fortunately, laser techniques were developed for tattoo removal and rendered the above methods unnecessary;
    • The first laser tattoo removal session happened in 1967, when Dr;
    • Leon Goldman used an ND: YAG laser and a 694 Ruby laser to get rid of a client’s body art;

    Other specialists, meanwhile, developed CO2 lasers, argon lasers, and continuous-wave lasers. However, these early laser treatments weren’t as safe and effective as technicians hoped, so additional research and development had to be done to improve the technology.

    The end result was Q-switched lasers, which became commercially available in the 1990s. These lasers produce a giant pulse formation that have high levels of energy and are powerful enough to deal with different color wavelengths and break down tattoo ink.

    Q-switched lasers are still used today in many centers for tattoo removal. While these Q-switched lasers are effective in removing certain tattoo ink, they still have significant limitations. They will often require a large number of treatments, and even after all of these treatments, they might not be effective in obtaining a satisfactory result.

    1. The Present and Future of Picosecond Lasers In order to deal with the limitations of Q-Switched lasers, most recently picosecond lasers were developed;
    2. They produce short bursts of energy that are measured in picoseconds (or trillionths of a second);

    These picosecond bursts are far more effective in breaking down tattoo ink than the previous Q Switched lasers. As a result, they halved the required treatment time; instead of 15 sessions, tattoos could be removed in just 6 or 7 sessions. They also lead to a faster recovery time since the skin receives minimal damage.

    At Shore Vascular & Vein Center we use the enlighten picosecond laser fast, safe, highly effective removal of most tattoos. If you have a tattoo that you are regretting, Shore Vascular & Vein Center is here to help.

    You might be interested:  How Long Is Tattoo Ink Good For?

    Call (609) 927-VEIN (8346) for a free consultation or visit us on the web at  EndTattooRegret. com.

    Who was the first tattoo artist?

    G etting tattoos can be painful, but did you know they were partly invented to treat pain? In the mid-18th century, Native American women tattooed themselves to alleviate toothaches and arthritis, similar to acupuncture. New York City is considered the birthplace of modern tattoos because it’s where the first professional tattoo artist Martin Hildebrandt set up shop in the mid-19th century to tattoo Civil War soldiers for identification purposes, and it’s where the first electric rotary tattoo machine was invented in 1891, inspired by Thomas Edison ‘s electric pen.

    • So it’s fitting that the city is currently home to two separate exhibitions on the history of the art;
    • Tattooed New York , from which the fact above is drawn, documents 300 years of tattooing at the New-York Historical Society;

    At the same time, with The Original Gus Wagner: The Maritime Roots of Modern Tattoo , the South Street Seaport Museum dives into the maritime origins of tattoos by showcasing the life of the sailor and sideshow star Gus Wagner, whose 800 tattoos earned him the title of the most tattooed man in America at one point and who was one of the first sailors to see that there was money to be made in tattooing.

    In English, the word “tattoo” has late-16th century origins. Somewhat ironically, in the United States their history among indigenous peoples goes back even earlier than that — but, though the idea was already widespread on American soil, it would take voyages to the other side of the world to turn the tattoo into a mainstream American concept.

    One of the earliest images of a tattooed person is of the King of the Maquas (the Mohawk tribe) whose chest and lower part of his face are covered in black lines, as seen in The Four Indian Kings , a portrait series painted when Mohawk and Mohican tribal king traveled to London in the early 18th century.

    1. Another is a 1706 pictograph by a Seneca trader that represents his signature tattoos — the one of a snake on his face and one with a bird, a symbol of freedom;
    2. At this point in American history, indigenous people often sported tattoos representing battle victories or protective spirits, of which the bird was one example, according to New-York Historical Society curator Cristian Petru Panaite (who sports a tattoo of his U;

    naturalization date). But it was during voyages to the South Pacific led by explorers like James Cook and William Bligh that Western sailors began to learn about traditional Polynesian pictographic tattoos. Before long, they were getting inked — sometimes with the name of a particular ship or their birthdates, or to mark the first time they crossed the equator or rounded Cape Horn or the Arctic Circle.

    1. (The word “tattoo” also comes from Polynesian sources;
    2. ) The common anchor tattoo was meant to signify stability and to safeguard them from drowning, and is also thought that some got tattoos of pigs and roosters on their feet for the same reason because legend has it those animals rush to land;

    “Sailors are a superstitious lot,” says Capt. Jonathan Boulware, executive director of the South Street Seaport Museum.

    When did tattoos get color?

    The first colour tattoos didn’t actually come around until after the ancient Egyptians were tattooing. The ancient Inuit people were believed to have colors in their tattoos, specifically including a dark yellow color.

    Who made tattoos popular?

    Carl Casedo loves his ink. The 20-year-old has nearly two armfuls of it: his left shoulder features a roaring Chinese guardian lion, and his right a black-and-white portrait of a young woman encircled by gentle barn swallows. Casedo speaks measuredly and passionately when talking about their meaning.

    • Among the images are tributes to his mother, a favourite band, and his culture;
    • “I love them,” he smiles, even though he doesn’t have a definitive reason as to why he decided to decorate himself in the first place;

    “It was just my decision (to get tattoos). And I do get some people questioning that, but in the end, my body is my body. ”   Casedo is one of millions of young people who are choosing, increasingly, to opt into permanent body art. Tattoos are an ancient art form, but lately experts have been pointing to a specific, intriguing group of patrons who are causing a notable swell in the industry: the notorious post-1982 demographic known as millennials. Joshua Storie It does seem that millennials, more than any other group of mainstream consumers, are obsessed with tattoos. Once reserved for indigenous tribes, soldiers, sailors, punks, and ex-convicts, tattoos have skyrocketed in popularity. Health food supermarket chain Whole Foods seriously considered installing tattoo parlours in its format “365” stores in an effort to entice millennial shoppers.

    The United States Navy has changed its body art policies to allow for more and larger tattoos in the hopes of drawing in more millennial recruits. In 2010 about 40 per cent of millennials had at least one tattoo and that number has increased in the last six years.

    Young Instagram and high fashion runway models are often spattered with tiny, artsy tattoos. What could have caused the tattoo business to become one of the fastest-growing industries in North America with an enormous client base of young people? According to famed American tattoo artist Megan Massacre, a shift in the way tattoos were perceived occurred around the same time reality shows like TLC’s 2005 hit  Miami Ink  that normalized — and dramatized — the once-subversive experience of tattooing and being tattooed hit airwaves.

    1. The exposure of tattooing to mainstream media channels marked a change — instead of being the mark of social degenerates, tattoos were suddenly desirable, cool, and sexy;
    2. And, Massacre notes, the increasing number of inked musicians and sports players certainly helped: think Rihanna, Cara Delevingne, and Ed Sheeran;

    The trickle-down effects of the change in perspective jump-started by these factors resulted in a widespread increase in tattoo acceptance, which can be seen in localities the world over—Edmonton included. But there are more factors at play than TV and simple celebrity influence.

    Tattoos have been deeply meaningful for millennia, but their value hasn’t diminished over time. Instead, younger generations are finding ways to adopt tattoos and reshape the connotations of inked skin in the process.

    There are many reasons why millennials are flocking to tattoo shops seemingly  en masse. Turns out tattoos aren’t really just skin deep. *** One  study  conducted by the professors at the University of Arkansas found that tattoos may be important because, at their core, they signify a means of cementing the permanence of identity.

    Co-author Dr. Jeff Murray said at the time that tattoos do more than merely showcase facets of an individual’s identity: rather, they anchor, cement, and stand for the entirety of that identity. Even when everything else about the world right down to the body changes, tattoos are constants.

    They assure a link to the past. The need for that kind of anchor has been exacerbated by the overload of constant changes in the environment that millennials in particular are challenged with facing on the daily. Since millennials are more wired in that any other generation before them, their world is the one changing the most frequently.

    • Millennials are constantly bombarded with the newest social media platform, the latest trends, and the newest films via phones, laptops, tablets, and various other screens day in and day out, moulding the demographic to adapt quickly to rapid change;

    That said, all those changes can take a toll on the mind, and Murray seems to suggest that it can be comforting for a millennial tattoo wearer to know that the design etched in their skin will remain with them forever. Murray’s theory is widely echoed by tattoo enthusiasts like Casedo.

    • “It’s an expression of oneself,” he explains;
    • “It doesn’t reflect the whole person, but it says something about them for sure;
    • ” *** Technological advances in tattooing has also contributed to its booming popularity;

    Stringent health regulations and inspections have made it safer to pop into a clean, sterilized shop for a session; developments in tattoo ink and techniques have managed to dissuade the fears of some would-be collectors. If you shirk away from permanence, you can get a bloodline tattoo.

    • If you’re worried about whether or not you’d like a visible tattoo, consider blacklight (“invisible”) or white tattoos;
    • Now, there are designs and artists and styles of tattoos for everyone who wants one, which leads to more people per year opting to get inked;

    Since younger people are generally more willing to take risks, it stands to reason that millennials are more receptive to these new techniques than their parents. Though tattoo techniques and designs are always coming into and out of fashion, certain trends seem to have more popularity among millennials in particular. Joshua Storie Another thing to consider is the increased availability — and visibility — of tattoos. “When I first started tattooing, I remember the only way you could see other tattoos and trends was the either go into a shop and look around, or look at magazines,” says Erin Storm of Edmonton’s own Bombshell Tattoo. “Now, with Facebook, Instagram, and social media, it’s so much easier to find tattoos.

    “The new trends I’ve seen become popular in the last few years are single needle and fine line tattoos, geometric, watercolour, and micro (small) tattoos. I absolutely love the look of them and I’m very eager to learn and master those styles of tattooing,” says Shaena Bunce, a 22-year-old Edmonton-based tattoo apprentice.

    You can get an idea of the trends coming and going in tattooing — little Pinterest tattoos and things like that — from social media and the internet much more quickly than in the past. ” The “Pinterest tattoos” Storm mentions don’t seem to be going anywhere, either.

    Mac Plant of Little Buddha Tattoo says he’s noticed “simple white girl tattoos” — dream catchers, flying birds, and the like have become the most popular requests in the shop lately. “And compasses,” he says.

    “Compasses are a big one lately. ” Bunce has seen the effects of tattoo availability on social media on the demographics of her own clientele. She runs an active tattoo-focused Instagram account, where she posts photos of newly drawn designs and freshly inked clients, which acts as free advertising to anyone looking for an #edmontontattoo.

    “(My clients) are mostly people around my age because they’re my friends and acquaintances and they follow me on social media. I also get a lot of female clients, I guess because my drawing style is a bit more feminine,” she says.

    Plant agrees. “I’d say we see mostly clients in their mid-twenties, early thirties — though we see some young, some old, so it probably averages out to about (people in their thirties),” Plant says. “We do tend to see more millennials in general, though. ” But even though tattoos are experiencing a serious surge in popularity, there are some signs the tattoo frenzy may not quite have everlasting staying power with the younger set.

    With more tattoos, after all, there’s more potential for tattoo regret. And for every person who comes away from the chair ecstatic with their new ink, there’s someone who immediately begins questioning their judgement after seeing their fresh  PewDiePie Brofist tattoo.

    Harry Styles, Justin Bieber, and Jennifer Lawrence are just a few prominent celebrities who have voiced regret about certain designs on their bodies. And they’re not alone: the frequency of tattoo removal procedures has increased by almost 46 per cent in the last few years.

    According to a survey conducted by the British Association of Dermatologists, close to one-third of the people who get tattoos regret at least one in their collection. On top of that, there’s a pronounced glut of people who regret the tattoos they got when they were 18 to 25 years old: 45 per cent of survey respondents said the ink they wanted to get rid of most was art they got in the period of their life most characterized by youth and impulsivity.

    It’s harder to find data on millennials who regret their tattoos, since the majority of the generation is still living through that period. But among the older set, it’s significantly easier to find tales of those who wish they hadn’t gotten that Sagittarius tattoo when they were 19.

    A 42-year-old mother of three confided that she had grown to dislike the sorority ankle tattoo she had received with her sisters as a 20-something University of Alberta student many years ago. Though it’s small, she wishes she had never gotten it in the first place: “It just doesn’t fit with who I am anymore.

    ” *** Tattoos are inherently expensive: clients pay not only for art generated by a human artist, but also the cost and time of applying that art to a living canvas. Often clients like to have custom art — as opposed to “flash,” or pre-done art already drawn by the artist — created just for them to add to the specialness of the tattoo, so that adds additional time to an artist’s bill.

    Art ain’t cheap, and you get what you pay for. These sentiments apply to tattoos, too. An hourly session in Edmonton may cost around $100, but an hour of a celebrity tattoo artist’s time can cost up to $700 CAD, according to a quote from NYC-based shop Bang Bang , an establishment that’s been graced by the likes of Miley Cyrus and LeBron James.

    Given that full sleeves, large back pieces, or expansive leg designs can take many hours to complete, it’s not hard to imagine tattoos are investment pieces with investment price tags. Add to that the cost of aftercare products and ongoing shielding against sun and fading, and the true cost of tattoos become apparent.

    1. Good tattoos may be expensive, but they are not nearly as costly as the price of having bad art removed;
    2. Tattoo removal and the complications that come with it are not to be taken lightly;
    3. While it can cost hundreds to thousands of dollars to get a clean, well-crafted tattoo, it costs way, way,  way  more — sometimes four or five times the cost of the original tattoo — to have an intricate design lasered off for good;

    Laser removals aren’t easy procedures either. Second Skin Tattoo Removal , a laser removal firm in Edmonton, notes that while every tattoo is different since the number of sessions depends on the age, colours, and volume of ink deposited inside the skin for the tattoo, multiple sessions are almost always needed.

    These are spaced about two months apart from one another to break up tattoo ink sufficiently enough for the design to be permanently erased. The whole process can be painless for those with access to tattoo removal performed by trained medical professionals, but more often than not those looking to have their tattoos lasered off go to spas for the service.

    If the procedure isn’t done by a doctor with access to anesthetic, the removal process can be painful: with concentrated laser pulses searching for and breaking up tattoo ink, discomfort is inevitable. Second Skin describes the feeling of undergoing laser tattoo removal as a “burning sensation,” which is none too inviting.

    Combine that with the risk of scarring and it’s understandable why the prospect of going through this ordeal might dissuade some from getting inked. *** Pain is an unavoidable part of the tattooing process.

    It’s also a powerful turn-off for many when it comes to tattoos. Even if someone is in love with the design they’ve chosen, the fear of pain might dissuade some from getting inked. Having tiny needles drilled two layers deep into your skin hundreds or even thousands of times per minute isn’t a painless experience, and for some people, having what’s sometimes described as a “long, slow cat scratch” for hours on end just isn’t worth having a permanent design etched into their skin. Joshua Storie Although skin can be numbed with specialized gels and creams, the shock to the skin when the product wears off and the additional time delays such processes introduce to the tattooing procedure (think of the time it takes to apply the product, have it take effect, get tattooed, have to reapply when it wears off, wait again for the product to numb the skin, et cetera) means many tattoo artists discourage their use and reconsider getting tattoos if the pain will be an issue. “Numbing agents work all right on smaller tattoos, but since they wear off after about 30 minutes, they really don’t do much for larger pieces,” Storm says. “They also change the consistency of the skin, so that can make things heal a bit oddly. ” It’s a well-established sentiment among tattoo artists.

    According to local tattoo shop Atomic Zombie , the issue with topical numbing agents is that the distortion they induce in the skin “confuses” the lines of stencils — the temporary copy of the tattoo design placed on the skin and used as a guide for the artists.

    A distorted stencil can result in a warped tattoo, and that means trouble for both the client and the artist. In other words, there’s a reason why artists urge people who want tattoos but can’t take the pain to pursue other forms of self-expression. *** And then there’s the highly debated career factor: having visible tattoos is still often seen as undesirable, particularly for white collar jobs, so while millennials are certainly getting more tattoos than the generations before them, they’re still conscious of the risks.

    According to a survey conducted by Pew Research Center back in 2010, 70 per cent of tattooed millennials at the time made sure their tattoos could be hidden with the right clothing for that very reason — lest they would have had to endure the troublesome removal process.

    Despite the increasing popularity of tattoos and the gradual dissolution of their negative stigma, a lot of jobs that involve client-customer interaction still require that tattoos be covered up on the clock. The reason? Unlike clothes, hair, jewelry, and other forms of self-expression, tattoos cannot be adjusted: it’s either covered up or visible.

    “What it really depends on is the profession, the industry, and the philosophy and culture of the company,” says Dale McNeely, the Director of the Business Career Services and Cooperative Education Program at the University of Alberta.

    “That’s what has the most impact on the acceptance or concern a company has with tattoos. But when someone is going to be hired to be a representative of that company — being the face of the company, meeting client and customers — the company has a legitimate concern thinking, ‘Does this tattoo image accurately represent my company to clients? Would we put that on our website, our letterhead?’ Sometimes they’ll decide that certain tattoos are not suitable.

    • ” Some workplaces are slower to jump aboard the tattoo acceptance mindset than others;
    • Overall, there’s been a general shift toward more acceptance of self-expression in the workplace, but placement still matters: tattoos on the hands, neck, and face are complete no-no zones in certain professions and firms, McNeely notes;

    He’s right: tattoos in these areas known colloquially as “job-stoppers” among tattoo artists, who will often refuse to tattoo those areas on clients who aren’t already sporting a considerable amount of body art. But, McNeely says, there are other places in which such expressions of self are accepted and even celebrated: in the arts, for instance, or in music.

    “Ultimately, the employee is a reflection of their firm and the values of the company where they work,” McNeely explains. “In industries where employees have a lot of face-to-face interaction with clients — banking, financial institutions, and those sorts of fields — tattoos are less likely to be accepted as easily as they are in more creative fields.

    But even in those traditional, conservative, suit-and-tie five days a week kinds of workplaces, there’s been a shifting (toward tattoo acceptance) as well. ” Joshua Storie It all boils down to the way the individual in charge of hiring at a firm perceives — or dismisses — traditional historical connotations of inked skin. Regardless of changing opinions millennials themselves may have of tattoos, subsets of older generations remember a time when having a tattoo meant being a societal reject. And for now, that unfortunately impacts where you’ll work and who will employ you if you’ve got some ink and have certain career aspirations.

    • As McNeely puts it, “You have imagine: if you work in a bank, one customer could be a young millennial who’s totally accepting of (tattoos), the next could be an 80-year-old grandmother who’s got very different concerns;

    You have be aware of the variety of customers — that’s a big determining factor, too. ” But even if there were no possible issues with the administration and potential removal of tattoos, some millennials will never be convinced to buy into tattoos. “I’m just not a tattoo person,” says engineering student Maram Yousef.

    “And yeah, it’s definitely something that a lot of employers consider when they’re interviewing possible job candidates, so if I ever did get (a tattoo), it’d have to be something small and easy to hide.

    ” So, are millennials just experiencing a temporary tattoo high or will the mania die down to a dull roar? Will the next wave of young people known as Generation Z be as into the tattoo craze as their predecessors? Right now, with workplace attitudes toward tattoos changing to become more acceptable and more and more stars choosing to get tattooed, it seems that the pros of getting inked far outweigh the cons in the minds of four in 10 millennials — a statistic that might just keep going up if the current forecast holds.

    • It’s enough to make skeptical old timers shake their fists at the way the world’s gone;
    • But if the so-called obsession millennials seem to have with tattoos means more people who are connected to their identities, that’s more than a good enough reason for the trend to continue;
    You might be interested:  Why Cant U Get A Tattoo While Pregnant?

    Trendy or not, tattoos will always be in style for the meaning they hold. “I’m still working on (my second sleeve),” Casedo laughs. “Definitely looking to get more in the future.

    What tattoo means killing someone?

    Teardrop – What does a teardrop tattoo mean? Easily one of the most popular prison tattoos in popular culture, the teardrop tattoo actually has a less innocent meaning behind it. The meaning of teardrop tattoos can vary depending on the geography, but they all have the same premise: it symbolizes murder.

    A teardrop tattoo on the face means that the person has committed murder. A teardrop outline represents attempted murder, but it could also mean that the person has a friend who was murdered and that they are now currently seeking vengeance.

    A filled in teardrop means a death has been avenged. If someone’s initials have been placed in the tear, it could be the name of that person who died. Other sources also indicate that a tear tattoo could mean remorse; one teardrop under the eye serves as a reminder to the person of a mistake. In some prisons, the meaning of teardrop tattoos differs depending on which side it is on. A teardrop tattoo on the left eye means that the person murdered someone in jail, and a teardrop tattoo on the right eye means the person lost a family or gang member to murder. In recent years, it’s become an extremely popular tattoo for rappers and celebrities in an effort to play up their “gangster” image.

    Another, less popular symbolism for this prison tattoo is solidarity or support. An example could be the late Amy Winehouse’s ink, which the singer got soon after her husband Blake Fielder-Civil was sent to jail for perverting the course of justice.

    The most recognizable name being Lil’ Wayne. Why does the rapper have four teardrop tattoos? The tatts reportedly symbolize the four loved ones he’s lost. Tear tattoos aren’t just done under the eyes. You can also find them on fingers. What is the meaning of a teardrop tattoo on a finger? It could mean dealing with a personal struggle.

    What part of the Bible says no tattoos?

    The Bible warns against tattoos in Leviticus 19:28 (Amplified) which says, ‘Ye shall not make any cuttings in your flesh for the dead, nor print or tattoo any marks upon you: I am the Lord. ‘ However, just because society approves of something does not make it right in the eyes of God.

    Did Jesus have a wife?

    ‘ Christian tradition has long held that Jesus was not married, even though no reliable historical evidence exists to support that claim,’ King said in a press release.

    Who was the first tattoo artist?

    G etting tattoos can be painful, but did you know they were partly invented to treat pain? In the mid-18th century, Native American women tattooed themselves to alleviate toothaches and arthritis, similar to acupuncture. New York City is considered the birthplace of modern tattoos because it’s where the first professional tattoo artist Martin Hildebrandt set up shop in the mid-19th century to tattoo Civil War soldiers for identification purposes, and it’s where the first electric rotary tattoo machine was invented in 1891, inspired by Thomas Edison ‘s electric pen.

    • So it’s fitting that the city is currently home to two separate exhibitions on the history of the art;
    • Tattooed New York , from which the fact above is drawn, documents 300 years of tattooing at the New-York Historical Society;

    At the same time, with The Original Gus Wagner: The Maritime Roots of Modern Tattoo , the South Street Seaport Museum dives into the maritime origins of tattoos by showcasing the life of the sailor and sideshow star Gus Wagner, whose 800 tattoos earned him the title of the most tattooed man in America at one point and who was one of the first sailors to see that there was money to be made in tattooing.

    In English, the word “tattoo” has late-16th century origins. Somewhat ironically, in the United States their history among indigenous peoples goes back even earlier than that — but, though the idea was already widespread on American soil, it would take voyages to the other side of the world to turn the tattoo into a mainstream American concept.

    One of the earliest images of a tattooed person is of the King of the Maquas (the Mohawk tribe) whose chest and lower part of his face are covered in black lines, as seen in The Four Indian Kings , a portrait series painted when Mohawk and Mohican tribal king traveled to London in the early 18th century.

    Another is a 1706 pictograph by a Seneca trader that represents his signature tattoos — the one of a snake on his face and one with a bird, a symbol of freedom. At this point in American history, indigenous people often sported tattoos representing battle victories or protective spirits, of which the bird was one example, according to New-York Historical Society curator Cristian Petru Panaite (who sports a tattoo of his U.

    naturalization date). But it was during voyages to the South Pacific led by explorers like James Cook and William Bligh that Western sailors began to learn about traditional Polynesian pictographic tattoos. Before long, they were getting inked — sometimes with the name of a particular ship or their birthdates, or to mark the first time they crossed the equator or rounded Cape Horn or the Arctic Circle.

    • (The word “tattoo” also comes from Polynesian sources;
    • ) The common anchor tattoo was meant to signify stability and to safeguard them from drowning, and is also thought that some got tattoos of pigs and roosters on their feet for the same reason because legend has it those animals rush to land;

    “Sailors are a superstitious lot,” says Capt. Jonathan Boulware, executive director of the South Street Seaport Museum.

    How did Vikings tattoo?

    Historical Descriptions of Viking Tattoos – Ibn Fadlan describes the Rus in his travel chronicler. He called them the “Rusiyyah,” now commonly known as the Vikings. “I have never seen bodies as nearly perfect as theirs,” he wrote. As tall as palm trees, fair and reddish, they wear neither tunics nor kaftans.

    • Every man wears a cloak with which he covers half of his body, so that one arm is uncovered;
    • They carry axes, swords, dagers and balways have them to hand;
    • They use Frankish swords with broad, ridged blades;

    ” At one point he mentioned that all the men were tattooed from the tips of their fingers to their necks. The tattoos were dark green figures of trees and symbols. It is likely, however, that the tattoos were probably dark blue, a color that comes from using wood ash to dye the skin.

    While Ibn Fadlan describes the tattoos as trees, he could have see the Vikings trademark gripping beast or other knotwork patterns of which the Vikings were fond. To him they resembled the women’s neck rings of gold and silver.

    Furthermore, the description of tattoos may have been less an eye-witness account than a rhetorical device used by Arabs to depict the savagery of the Norsemen. They considered them with a combination of horror and fascination. Ibn Fadlan had harsh words for their hygiene: “They are the filthiest of God’s creatures,” he observed.

    Although he acknowledged that they washed their hands, faces and heads every day, he was appalled that they did so “in the dirtiest and filthiest fashion possible” in a communal basin of water. This was an ancient Germanic custom that caused understandable revulsion in a Muslim who typically performed ablutions only in poured or running water.

    Traveling in Europe at the same time was Ibrahim Ibn Yacoub Al- Tartushi, representing the Muslim kingdom of Al Andalus in Spain. Reaching a border town between Germany and Denmark, he was not impressed by the dirty market town, a far cry from the beauty and elegance of his native Cordoba.

    1. He described Viking society as one in which women could divorce freely—”they part with their husbands whenever they like”—and where both sexes wore “artificial eye make-up;
    2. ” Worse of all was their singing: “I never heard any more awful singing than the singing of the people in Schleswig;

    It is a groan that comes out of their throats, similar to bark of the dogs but even more like a wild animal. ” This is rather slight evidence on which to state categorically that Vikings tattooed themselves. The Arabic word used in the original text for “tattoo” was more commonly used to describe mosque decorations rather than actual tattoos— a fitting description considering similarities between a mosque’s geometric patterns and those of a runic Viking tattoos.

    How were tattoos done in the 1700s?

    From high class beginnings to the myths of inked up criminals, tattoo historian Dr Matt Lodder plots out a history of British body art. From high class beginnings to the myths of inked up criminals, as a new exhibition opens in Cornwall, tattoo historian Dr Matt Lodder plots out a history of British body art.

    • A tattooist once said to art historian Matt Lodder that while it’s all well and good to be an art historian, researching paintings and the history of sculptures, to understand the history of a nation you need to understand the history of its tattoos;

    What we mark on us is what resonates; the images, words and symbols that a generation forever stamps onto its skin. In a new exhibition at The National Maritime Museum in Cornwall Matt Lodder does exactly that. “I’m an academic and art historian, and have been working on tattooing history for quite along time,” Matt tells me.

    “One of the things that has always frustrated me is that tattooing is constantly portrayed as a new ‘thing’, as if there was some kind of mythical beforehand when tattoos were just for criminals or sailors.

    ” In his research Matt has collected examples of that cliché from every decade from the 1870s onwards; it turns out tattoos have long been an important part of British culture and history. Our generation isn’t responsible making them the new big thing. Think back a little longer though, and no doubt you’d point to criminal gangs as the starting point for all think ink, but Matt says this too is simply wrong. “The relationship between tattooing and criminality comes largely from Italian and French criminologists,” Matt explains. “It’s linked into broader intellectual movements of scientific racism and eugenics. ” The idea that you can tell something about the character of an individual from their bodies was all the rage in the 19th century, and Cesare Lombroso, an Italian criminologist, even inspired Austrian cultural commentator Adolf Loos in 1908 to assert: “People with tattoos who are not in prison are either latent criminals or degenerate aristocrats.

    If a tattooed man dies at liberty, he has simply died some years before he has been able to commit a murder. ” It’s a falsity that Matt has been keen to dispel. “Sure, lots of tattooed people were in prison, but no comparable evidence was produced from the wider population,” he says.

    If you’re a historian looking for evidence of tattoos in history, you’ll look on official records. Normal people just don’t have their bodies recorded in the same way as criminals. ” This link is just an artefact of the historical record, not an artefact of history itself.

    But if tattoos aren’t a modern fad, and didn’t spawn from the British criminal underworld, then where does our rich heritage of inking come from? “What we wanted to do with the exhibition was to lay out a chronology in order to show there’s no before and after, there’s growth, development and change,” Matt continues.

    “There was no time when tattoos were for just one type of person. ” Tattoos are the longest sustained trend in history, according to Matt, and this is how it all began. “We start with 17th century and antiquarian ideas of Britain’s past. In the 17th century colonial exporters start bringing back tattooed ‘natives’ from the East Indies and the Americas. In fact, they were put on public display as early as the 1500s. “But it was in the 17th century that we see this better documented. A captive was literally exhibited in a pub, as a human curiosity.

    British antiquarians compared these tattoos with those the Roman’s had written about on accent Britons. These scholars would write about people needn’t worry about ‘savages’, as our own ancestors were just the same, like there was an embedded history.

    But the modern tattoo trade in Britain – with tattoos as commodities – began in the late 17th century with pilgrims. “Wealthy people – mostly men – would travel to Bethlehem, Jerusalem and Nazareth and get tattoos  when they were there. Often very extensively, like footballers today, with lots of crosses and religious iconography.

    Essentially designs were carved into wooded blocks, and then printed onto the skin by dipping the block into ink. Then tattooists would use a single needle and puncture by hand with blank ink into the skin.

    It’s a slow process, but similar to the hand poke artists today. “There’s lots of theological debate about whether tattooing is prohibited in religion, but even in Islamic cultures there’s an embedded tattoo culture. It’s Christianity that forms the basis of the western tattoo tradition. “Next we move into the 18th century (1700s). The standard story was that Captain Cook in the 1790s discovered tattooing in Tahiti and New Zealand and bought it back to the UK, as if it was an imported practice. But we’ve found images of a tattooed lady from 1740s, a criminal from the 1730s. Even before Cook set sail there are tattoos in Britain.

    • We do tell the story of Cook’s voyages, it marks the moment – if not a rise in popularity – of at least when it enters the historical record because from then the navy kept track of tattoos;
    • “On your enlistment records the navy would have a column in the record book which lists what sort of designs you had, where on the body, sometimes the tattoo would be drawn or sketched;

    There’s even a painting in the House of Lords – The Death of Nelson – featuring all these tattooed men sacrificing their lives for the nation. It puts tattooed men at the centre of British life and history. “In 1868 Japan is opened up to the west, until then it had been closed to western trade for centuries. Now a new government was taking over, and the west was flooded with all things Japanese. From ceramics to prints, and textiles to tattooing. Wealthy travellers would go to Japan, and the same shops that would sell tourist isouveriners would now have in house tattooists.

    The wealthy clientele would head back too Europe or America with tattoos, and their friends would  want them too. “In 1871 there was a famous case in the tabloids all across Victorian London about Roger Tichborne – an aristocrat lost at sea – turned up alive many years later.

    “His siblings were suspicious as he appeared to have put on lots of weight, and seemingly had selective amnesia. The thing is, he stood to inherit the family fortune, so the siblings took him to court. It turned out that this aristocrat, Tichborne, had been tattooed, but this imposter didn’t have one.

    It turned out he was in fact a butcher’s son from Wapping. “The first tattoo artist opened up a space in a Turkish baths in the late 1880s in Jermyn Street, London, then the height of the fashionable West End.

    It means that from then it was possible to make a living. Where does the professional industry begin? At the upper class of British society. ” Sutherland MacDonald was the first professional tattoo artist in Britain, and developed the first tattoo machine.

    He became the patent holder of an electric tattoo machine. And the thing is, with electrification comes speedier tattooing; if you can work with electricity it’s much quicker. “One of the potential drivers for the tattoo’s fall from grace may well have been this opening up to people with less means.

    From then on in tattoos were part of British society at every level. ” Tattoo: British Tattoo Art Revealed is open at the National Maritime Museum in Cornwall until 7 January 2018. Enjoyed this article? Like  Huck  on  Facebook  or follow us on  Twitter ..

    How did tattoos start in America?

    Tradition Unbound: Tattoos beyond Polynesia Tattoos are the mark of the colonized other: the difference between the colonizer and the colonized is in the texture of the skin. Marc Blanchard, Post-Bourgeois Tattoo As reports and images from European explorers’ travels in Polynesia reached Europe, the modern fascination with tattoos began to take hold.

    1. Although the ancient peoples of Europe had practiced some forms of tattooing, it had disappeared long before the mid-1700s;
    2. Explorers returned home with tattooed Polynesians to exhibit at world fairs, in lecture halls and in dime museums, to demonstrate the height of European civilization compared to the “primitive natives” of Polynesia;

    But the sailors on their ships also returned home with their own tattoos. Native practitioners found an eager clientele among sailors and others visitors to Polynesia. Colonial ideology dictated that the tattoos of the Polynesians were a mark of their primitiveness.

    Machinery, design, and color led to an all-American form of tattoo.

    In the United States, technological advances in machinery, design and color led to a unique, all-American, mass-produced form of tattoo. Martin Hildebrandt set up a permanent tattoo shop in New York City in 1846 and began a tradition by tattooing sailors and military servicemen from both sides of the Civil War. In England, youthful King Edward VII started a tattoo fad among the aristocracy when he was tattooed before ascending to the throne.

    The mortification of their skin and the ritual of spilling blood ran contrary to the values and beliefs of European missionaries, who largely condemned tattoos. Although many forms of traditional Polynesian tattoo declined sharply after the arrival of Europeans, the art form, unbound from tradition, flourished on the fringes of European society.

    Both these trends mirror the cultural beliefs that inspired Polynesian tattoos: to show loyalty and devotion, to commemorate a great feat in battle, or simply to beautify the body with a distinctive work of art. The World War II era of the 1940s was considered the Golden Age of tattoo due to the patriotic mood and the preponderance of men in uniform.

    But would-be sailors with tattoos of naked women weren’t allowed into the navy and tattoo artists clothed many of them with nurses’ dresses, Native-American costumes or the like during the war. By the 1950s, tattooing had an established place in Western culture, but was generally viewed with distain by the higher reaches of society.

    Back alley and boardwalk tattoo parlors continued to do brisk business with sailors and soldiers. But they often refused to tattoo women unless they were twenty-one, married and accompanied by their spouse, to spare tattoo artists the wrath of a father, boyfriend or unwitting husband.

    Today tattooing is recognized as a legitimate art form.

    Today, tattooing is recognized as a legitimate art form that attracts people of all walks of life and both sexes. Each individual has his or her own reasons for getting a tattoo; to mark themselves as a member a group, to honor loved ones, to express an image of themselves to others. With the greater acceptance of tattoos in the West, many tattoo artists in Polynesia are incorporating ancient symbols and patterns into modern designs.