What Does A Barcode Tattoo Mean?
What do barcode tattoos mean? – When contemplating the barcode tattoo’s meaning, it becomes apparent that the main themes behind the tattoo typically revolve around individualism, warnings against becoming a product or “slave”, stances against capitalism and consumerism, and protests against corporate greed.
For those using their barcode tattoo as a symbol of dissent, the generalized ideology behind it is that the majority of us are laborers working to survive, but ultimately serving the ultra-elite who control the majority of resources, goods and opportunities.
Although beliefs and stances on capitalism vary, people who choose the barcode symbol as a form of protest tend to believe that capitalism is a system based upon greed and disregard for equal opportunity. Those without access to decent education or adequate resources tend not to thrive in systems such as this.
Additionally, those suffering from physical and mental ailments, as well as the elderly, are also typically unable to compete in a capitalist society. For these reasons, amongst many others, people believe that capitalism and consumerism aids in creating human suffering and that the rewards reaped from this type of system do so at the expense of the “underclass”.
In this way we can view the barcode tattoo as an ironic symbol, giving a head nod to the disposable condition of the modern worker, and the aspiration for something better to replace the current system. For some who choose to adorn their body with the barcode tattoo, the statement has less to do with commentary of the state of society or industry, and more to do with commemorating special dates, marking hidden meanings, or celebrating individuality.
- Just as a particular barcode is used to identify an individual product, so too can a barcode tattoo work to represent an individual person;
- Many have chosen to incorporate sentimental dates, names, or single words into their unique barcode tattoos;
Others have worked in elements of animals, city skylines, zip codes and just about any personalized imagery or symbols imaginable. Although the barcode tattoo can be used to signify feeling like a cog in a machine, it can also work to represent a fierce sense of individuality and a rejection of conformity and “sameness”.
- 1 What does the barcode tattoo mean hitman?
- 2 Do QR code tattoos actually work?
- 3 What does tattoo on back of neck mean?
- 4 How do soundwave tattoos work?
- 5 What type of barcode symbology is used in retail stores?
What does barcode symbol mean?
A barcode is an optical, machine-readable representation of data. A barcode’s symbology refers to the encoding of information into the barcode image. Traditional one-dimensional (1D), linear barcodes represent data by varying the width and spacing of parallel lines.
What does the barcode tattoo mean hitman?
Where Agent 47’s Barcode Comes From – To understand the full meaning of Agent 47’s barcode tattoo, players have to consider the antihero’s backstory in Hitman. Agent 47 is a clone, and his title is just a numeral assignment meaning he’s the forty-seventh clone in a long line of assassins. The barcode ends with the numbers 47, which additionally explains how he got the title. Agent 47 received this barcode tattoo to allow him to access certain areas in the facility where he was cloned and trained.
The barcode tattoo, like all real barcodes, can be scanned for information. Agent 47’s tattoo is scanned and lets him through security checkpoints inside the facility where he was made. It’s not a necessary feature or piece of equipment to use in the field; instead, it’s purely indicative of Agent 47’s backstory.
unique 35 + barcode tattoo designs || tattoosdesigns for men and women
It’s a curious detail to his features that sheds some light on his creation as a clone. During the events of Hitman: Absolution , 47 even attempts to cut this barcode off. When Hitman 3 releases on next-gen consoles like the PlayStation 5, it may explain more about Agent 47’s barcode tattoo. Next: Will Dark Souls’ Patches Be In Elden Ring Too? Exactly How Much Time Passes In The Sandman Episode 1? About The Author Austin King (1286 Articles Published) Austin King is a Game Features Editor at Screen Rant. He’s the author of several books and hosts the Dragon Quest FM and JRPGs & Me podcasts. You can find him on Twitter @DragonQuaustin. More From Austin King.
Do QR code tattoos actually work?
Quality is key to getting a great QR code tattoo. If in the vicinity, don’t go anywhere other than Adrenaline Studios to get it done. Contact a tattoo shop near you ( Vancouver or Toronto ) to schedule your consultation. .
What does tattoo on back of neck mean?
The neck, especially the throat, is also often associated with communication. So for some people, neck tattoos are a symbol of being open to new people and experiences, and might possibly even imply the person likes to take risks!.
Can barcode tattoos be scanned?
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|Barcode Tattoo Guide|
| Nearly all of the real barcode tattoos I have seen in person and online photos appear not to scan. There are some fine examples of tattooed lines and numbers that look like the ubiquitous symbol, but the true test for any barcode is does it make the scanner beep. Most barcode tattoos try to cram too much information under skin, and eventually the ink blends into a black blob. I digitized a two-month old tattoo directly on a flatbed scanner. Sampling a one-inch square at 300 dpi, I measured the width of a single needle line. The average is around 7 pixels. To calculate the minimum resolution, I divided 300 by 7 which equals 42 dpi. Therefore the original barcode artwork must be made at 42 lines per inch or lower to translate properly into a tattoo.
There are several factors to consider when tattooing the computer generated symbol, like the DPI of skin and how many lines are in a barcode, but I believe with precision it can be done. It is worth mentioning that tattoos do change with age, they all slowly blend out over time, and that will effect the accuracy.
Barcodes are a combination of black and white bars, if the black ink expands too much, it can ruin the white areas. Certain parts of the body like the shoulders and back do not expand as much. Selecting a flat surface on the back will also make it easier to scan the barcode. Moving on to the most common type of barcode symbology, the one found in most supermarkets, which is also being used extensively for tattoo art is the UPC. Every Universal Price Code is a standard 95 units wide. To figure out what the minimum size UPC tattoo should be, divide 95 units, by 42 dpi, and you get 2. 26 inches. So a skilled tattoo artist, using one needle in their gun, should make all UPC style barcodes at least 2.
Most barcode scanners maximum input area is 2. 5 inches, so any line pattern bigger than that will not fit into the red laser eye. I would suggest making all UPC style tattoos between 2. 26 and 2. 5 inches wide. Looking closely at the UPC barcode there are 35 black bars, 33 white bars, and all the lines come in three different widths. There is another barcode language used throughout the world that can encode letters called the Code 128 style. Your custom phrase can include numbers, spaces, and even punctuation! Choosing a tiny phrase will allow for narrower codes. A good option would be a short three-letter barcode. The barcode for my initials “SDB” is only 68 units wide. Make the barcode art at 42 dpi resolution, and the tattoo will only be 1.
That should be enough to spell out part of your name or abbreviated birthday. June 26, 1974 can be shortened to “062674”. In the binary barcode language that works to be 101 units wide. Divided by 42 dpi, equals 2. 4 inches. That would test the skills of any veteran tattoo artist.
Another possibility is to put split meaning in your barcode message. The human readable text at the bottom can be different from the bars above. You can put the abbreviated barcode up top and the expanded version written out below.
The official fonts used for all barcode numbers and letters is OCR A and OCR B. If you do not have the preferred font, Helvetica, Arial, and Courier are acceptable. You may actually use any font for the type and it will have no effect on scanning the barcode.
| To get started making your own personalized barcode tattoo, there are several places on the web that have free barcode generators. The images will need some adjusting, but this is the perfect place to start creating your unique code. Easy to use interface http://www. barcodemill. com More advanced options http://www. POSWorld. com/onbargen. html Bare bones version http://www. milk. com/barcode/server/ I order my special tattoo paper from Bel Decal and Papillo Paper.
Like one covering your forehead, on your cheek, or in the palm of your hand. Barcodes are the ultimate in un-originality, and that is why they are so fun to personalize. I hope this guide will help people get better barcodes tattooed under their skin. If one will scan is still yet to be seen.
|QR Code Tattoo Guide|
|QR Code tattoo scans as “thevoice66”||QR Code tattoos will scan if done properly. Liam O’Toole got an excellent one done in June 2008, but Chris Arkwright recently posted his that does not scan. Here are some parameters to consider before getting a real 2D barcode tattoo.|
|Tattoo does not scan as “NO REGRET”|
| I measured a healed tattoo to approximate the printing resolution of skin. The average is 42 dpi, but that leaves no room for error. I suggest decreasing the resolution to 10 dpi to allow for some distortion and blending over time. Tattoos do change with age, and that will effect the accuracy. Certain parts of the body like the shoulders and back do not expand as much.
You can always add a dot later if you need a touch up, but you can’t subtract from a tattoo. There are several free QR Code generators online. Easy to use interface by Kaywa. More advanced options by Kerem Erkan. Open source Google project ZXing.
|Temporary Barcode Tattoo FAQ|
| Can the temporary barcode tattoos be scanned at the store? Yes, all scanners throughout the world should be able to read your temporary barcode tattoos. However most businesses are set up only to recognize barcodes in their inventory, and chances are your custom phrase is not registered. Most times the computer interface will say it does not understand your “custom phrase” which is still pretty cool. It is good fun to get scanned at the store, make the machine beep, and see how much it thinks you are worth.
For orders placed inside United States you should receive the tattoos in 5 – 10 days, and the rest of the world delivery time is between 10 – 20 days. Can you rush deliver a temporary barcode tattoo order? Yes, for an extra fee I will Express ship an order.
Can I use your barcode tattoos in a photo project? Yes, most certainly please use my temporary barcode tattoos in any way you see fit. How long does a barcode tattoo last? Once a tattoo is properly applied it will stay on for about one day.
These temporary tattoos use a skin adhesive similar to medical bandages, completely safe to wear, and approved by the FDA. One customer reported wearing a barcode tattoo for 3 straight days. How do you remove the temporary tattoos? These tattoos can be taken off at anytime by simply peeling back the decal.
com Will you make any kind of temporary barcode tattoo, of any custom phrase? Yes, so far I have not refused an order.
|Tired of waiting for biometrics and chip implantation to be commonplace? Wile away the hours dreaming of better days to come with these fun, temporary tattoos. Go for a traditional look on the forehead or palm, or exercise your freedom to wear the mark anywhere you choose.|
| Scanning Barcode Tattoos with Voice Synthesizer Video
|Return to Tattoos|
What is the most common barcode symbology?
Linear Barcodes – A linear barcode is like a license plate. A license plate number by itself doesn’t tell you anything. You use the number to search the DMV’s database for information about the vehicle and owner. A linear barcode is simply a key to find specific information in a database. Code 39 Barcode Code 39 Code 39 is the most frequently used in industrial barcode systems today. It is a variable-length alphanumeric symbology. The Code 39 barcode uses four special characters: $, /, +, and %. Those can pair with alphanumeric characters to extend to the full ASCII character set. Code 128 Barcode Code 128 Of all the common linear symbologies, Code 128 is the most flexible. It supports both alpha and numeric characters easily. It is also variable length. Code 128 has the highest number of characters per inch. It is 20-30% smaller than Code 39. Code 128 is the most easily read barcode. It also has the highest message integrity because of several separate message check routines. UPC Barcode UPC UPC (Universal Product Code) is the most common barcode for retail product labeling. It is seen in most grocery stores across the United States. The symbology encodes a 12-digit numeric-only number. The first six digits are assigned by the GS1 US. The next five digits are assigned by the manufacturer. And the final digit is a modulo 10 check digit. EAN Barcode EAN/JAN The EAN/JAN (European/Japanese Article Number) is similar to UPC, but encodes an extra digit or two. The extra digits may represent a country code. The code 00-04 and 06-09 are assigned to the United States. GS1 DataBar Stacked Omnidirectional Barcode GS1 DataBar (RSS) GS1 DataBar symbols hold more information in a smaller code than a UPC/EAN barcode. It was originally called RSS (Reduced Space Symbology). GS1 DataBar enables GTIN identification for variable measure and hard-to-mark products like fresh produce, jewelry, and cosmetics. GS1 DataBar can also carry GS1 Application Identifiers such as serial numbers, lot numbers, and expiration dates. Interleaved 2 of 5 Barcode Interleaved 2 of 5 (I25) Interleaved 2 of 5 is a variable length, even numbered, numeric barcode symbol. It is typically used in industrial and master carton labeling. The symbology uses bars to represent the first character and the interleaved (white) spaces to represent the second character. Interleaved 2 of 5 can use a modulo 10 check digit to enhance data security.
Why do hitmen have barcodes?
Outward Appearance [ edit ] – Agent 47 has a tattoo on the back of his head in the style of a barcode. The creators of “Hitman” have been noted saying that they decided to include a tattoo on the back of his head to “give players something to look at” since 47 is bald.
In game, the reason for this tattoo is to ID him among the other clones. 47’s typical attire consists of a black suit, black leather gloves and shoes, white dress shirt, and a burgundy tie. As the Hitman series allows players the option of engaging in stealth-based strategy to avoid conflict, 47 has the ability to exchange his stock costume (assigned to 47 at the beginning of a level or displayed in a cut scene) with various characters in the game to avoid detection.
There are a wide variety of costumes to choose from including police, military, medical, and culinary uniforms that are all made available by incapacitating or killing non-player characters and stealing their clothing. 47 is completely bald with pale skin and blue eyes with dark eyebrows.
His International Contract Agency (ICA) file from Hitman: Absolution states his height as 1. 88 m (6 ft 2 in).  In Hitman: Enemy Within , his weight is given as 85 kg (187 lb).  It is apparent that 47 grows older, evident by the added wrinkles through the course of the first four games.
He significantly aged in Absolution , with many wrinkles on his face, him performing certain actions slower, and other reduced abilities. This is retconned in the 2016 game as 47 appears much younger, with him looking exactly the same in the game’s main sections and prologue which takes place 20 years before, when he was inducted into the ICA. 47’s barcode as based on images from Dr. Ort-Meyer’s journal 47’s barcode acts as a security key to access areas of the facility where he was created and trained. His barcode is implied to be in Code 39 ; according to Dr. Ort-Meyer’s journal, the barcode was added to the tattoo in 1975, one year after the code was developed.
- A medical report on 47 in-game states that although 47 is in his 50s, his body is still in peak condition as if he is in his 20s, and he is completely immune to disease;
- Since players of the video game series control the character from a third person perspective, the barcode that is tattooed on the back of his head is starkly prominent, although he has his head covered by a bandage for most of Hitman: Absolution after he removes it in an attempt to disguise himself;
Curiously, other characters in the games appear oblivious to the conspicuous tattoo; a newspaper’s description of 47 in Hitman: Blood Money fails to mention the barcode as a notable characteristic when 47 has numerous witnesses in the aftermath of a mission.
The barcode is referenced in Hitman: Absolution as the only distinguishing feature 47 has, and it is stated that while others do notice it, the description of a bald man in a suit with a neck tattoo is simply too vague to be useful to law enforcement.
Alternative stock costumes are occasionally provided. In Codename 47 , he is seen wearing a guerrilla camouflage in the jungle, while in Silent Assassin Agent 47 wears a protective anorak in the Japanese mountains and a blue turban in Afghanistan. At the end of Blood Money , Agent 47 wears a white suit and white gloves while he is placed into a coffin during his funeral.
In addition to clothing, Agent 47’s distinctive choice of weaponry plays an important role in his appearance. He prefers to use a pair of silver customized AMT Hardballers , a M1911 clone, nicknamed “Silverballers”.
Following Hitman: Contracts , the Hitman symbol replaces the Silverballer logos that are typically printed on the side of the pistol’s slide. Throughout the franchise, the Silverballers serve as Agent 47’s signature weapon, along with his fiber wire black garrote , appearing in every game of the series.
Are barcodes Morse code?
A barcode or bar code is a method of representing data in a visual, machine-readable form. Initially, barcodes represented data by varying the widths, spacings and sizes of parallel lines. These barcodes, now commonly referred to as linear or one-dimensional (1D), can be scanned by special optical scanners , called barcode readers , of which there are several types.
Later, two-dimensional (2D) variants were developed, using rectangles, dots, hexagons and other patterns, called matrix codes or 2D barcodes , although they do not use bars as such. 2D barcodes can be read using purpose-built 2D optical scanners, which exist in a few different forms.
2D barcodes can also be read by a digital camera connected to a microcomputer running software that takes a photographic image of the barcode and analyzes the image to deconstruct and decode the 2D barcode. A mobile device with an inbuilt camera, such as smartphone , can function as the latter type of 2D barcode reader using specialized application software (The same sort of mobile device could also read 1D barcodes, depending on the application software).
- The barcode was invented by Norman Joseph Woodland and Bernard Silver and patented in the US in 1951;
-  The invention was based on Morse code  that was extended to thin and thick bars;
- However, it took over twenty years before this invention became commercially successful;
UK magazine ‘Modern Railways’ December 1962 pages 387-389 record how British Railways had already perfected a barcode-reading system capable of correctly reading rolling stock travelling at 100 mph (160 km/h) with no mistakes but the system was abandoned when privatisation of the railways took place.
- An early use of one type of barcode in an industrial context was sponsored by the Association of American Railroads in the late 1960s;
- Developed by General Telephone and Electronics (GTE) and called KarTrak ACI (Automatic Car Identification), this scheme involved placing colored stripes in various combinations on steel plates which were affixed to the sides of railroad rolling stock;
Two plates were used per car, one on each side, with the arrangement of the colored stripes encoding information such as ownership, type of equipment, and identification number.  The plates were read by a trackside scanner located, for instance, at the entrance to a classification yard, while the car was moving past.
-  The project was abandoned after about ten years because the system proved unreliable after long-term use;
-  Barcodes became commercially successful when they were used to automate supermarket checkout systems, a task for which they have become almost universal;
The Uniform Grocery Product Code Council had chosen, in 1973, the barcode design developed by George Laurer. Laurer’s barcode, with vertical bars, printed better than the circular barcode developed by Woodland and Silver.  Their use has spread to many other tasks that are generically referred to as automatic identification and data capture (AIDC).
- The first scanning of the now-ubiquitous Universal Product Code (UPC) barcode was on a pack of Wrigley’s chewing gum in June 1974 at a Marsh supermarket in Troy, Ohio , using a scanner made by Photographic Sciences Corporation;
  QR codes , a specific type of 2D barcode, have recently become very popular due to the growth in smartphone ownership.  Other systems have made inroads in the AIDC market, but the simplicity, universality and low cost of barcodes has limited the role of these other systems, particularly before technologies such as radio-frequency identification (RFID) became available after 1995.
Why does 47 cut his barcode?
“Why is the barcode still there in the new game if 47 removed it in Absolution?!” As someone who deeply enjoys the storyline and lore of Hitman and recently went through all of the games to create a huge write-up explaining everything, let me explain that bit as well.
- And let me explain it in a new thread, because I’ve seen way too many people ask this question already;
- Quick answer – he didn’t remove it;
- The barcode is still there;
- You can clearly see it;
- Move on;
- Long answer – he didn’t remove it;
And he didn’t go into a tattoo parlor to get it fixed. Why? Let me tell you. In the scene right before the Terminus mission in Absolution, 47 is seen having a bad night. The atmosphere of the scene, the colors and the way it’s presented to us suggest that the thoughts he’s having aren’t rainbows and unicorns.
- In fact, he’s just learnt that even though his creator – Dr;
- Ort-Meyer is dead, his research is destroyed and the clones are, as far as he and we think, also dead – the experiments are still used for creating mindless killers;
In the scene before, Diana informs him that Victoria is very important to the Agency and Benjamin Travis. Why? Because “she’s like 47”. And 47 knows exactly what it means. We get confirmation later – Dr. Ashford mentions that Victoria is perfect, almost on the level of Ort-Meyer’s work.
This information brings back flashbacks to the Romanian facility where 47 was created and trained for almost 30 years. He was supposed to be perfect. At everything. Even Ort-Meyer himself says that “47’s skills seem perfect, but his mind has his own ways”.
Realizing that this is still going on somewhere in the world, even though 47’s already been through a similar phase in Silent Assassin, he gets angry. Frustrated about the fact that what he’s done in Romania didn’t end the experiments and people (although I’m sure he wouldn’t use that word) like that are still being created.
- Victoria is a living, breathing example of that;
- And who is responsible for making Victoria into who she is? The Agency;
- The organization that 47 is involved in for as long as he can remember;
- (Reminder – 47 doesn’t remember his times spent in Romania;
He remembers parts of it, but I wouldn’t say he remembers everything. ) This is why he slashes the barcode. He does it because he’s sick of who he is. He’s angry because the barcode is a symbol of him being a product. Created to kill. Trained to kill. Ort-Meyer wanted him to blindly follow orders.
Just like 48s at the end of Codename 47. And now it’s happening again. And Victoria is a victim of that. He hates it. He’s fueled by emotions and slashing the barcode is a symbol of him trying to finally get away from that.
He doesn’t remove it though. You can clearly see that it’s still there. In the Attack of the Saints trailer especially, but if you don’t count trailers, here’s a screenshot from the last mission in Absolution. It’s still there. The bandaid is small. It’s covering a scar by this point.
- This mission takes place 6 months after the accident, after all;
- And the new game? 2019;
- I think we can assume that the scar might not even be visible after that amount of time;
- And no, there is no supernatural healing involved;
His DNA is perfect and he has 47 chromosomes, but there is no mention of anything superhuman. He wouldn’t want it back either. He wouldn’t just want it to be fixed. Because he hates it. And. now you know! Do I care too much? I mean, at least I admit it, right?.
Can I get a Spotify code tattoo?
Unique and stylish design, combining spotify code with tattoos, you can listen to your favorite music anytime, anywhere. The special spotify code tattoo stickers can introduce this music to the world. It can even bring surprises to your lover, which can be used to confess to marriage proposal.
How do soundwave tattoos work?
How do Soundwave Tattoos work? – It’s really very simple: Upload a song snippet or sound to the Skin Motion website. Skin Motion then generates a Soundwave Tattoo template that can be taken to a certified Skin Motion artist. Astonishingly, up to a minute of audio can be “recorded” in this way. A Soundwave Tattoo being inked It’s possible to tattoo the sound wave of just about any sound, from your child singing a nursery rhyme to your beloved dog barking (and yes, this has been done ) or the last voice message you received from a grandparent. Of course, there are limitations regarding the types of sound and their placement. For this reason, Soundwave Tattoos need to be created by licensed tattoo artists from Skin Motion’s artist network. A licensed Skin Motion artist will also be able to incorporate other designs for those who want more than a simple sound wave. The Skin Motion app scanning a Soundwave Tattoo.
What does 3 dots in a row mean tattoo?
Three dots in a line tattoo – When three dots are designed in a straight line, they are thought to represent that a sentence is not yet complete. This can mean the wearer is still on their life’s journey, or is going through a process of change. This type of tattoo is also known as an ‘ellipsis’ and can have a spiritual meaning with the three dots illustrating a number of different spiritual concepts. .
What does the tattoo 69 mean?
He explained the ’69’ motif with a declaration that it’s a reminder to himself to remember his origins and allow for different perspectives than his own, or as a defense against people who would look at him ‘upside down. ‘ ‘I never lost sense of where I came from,’ he wrote.
What personality types get tattoos?
Author: Sophia Carter – Institution: Whitworth University ABSTRACT Research supports personality differences between tattooed and non-tattooed individuals. However, few studies have investigated whether any of these differences are associated with positive indicators for tattooed individuals.
In this study, personality differences between tattooed and non-tattooed individuals in three of the Big Five personality areas considered critical to successful employees in the workforce were examined.
Previous research has established that higher levels of conscientiousness and extraversion coupled with lower levels of neuroticism are indicators of high-quality employees. The present study attempts to augment this line of research by adding the dimension of tattoos; investigating whether individuals with tattoos report more positive personality indicators in these dimensions than individuals without tattoos.
- Thus it was hypothesized that tattooed individuals would report higher levels of conscientiousness and extraversion and lower levels of neuroticism than non-tattooed individuals;
- For this purpose, N = 521 individuals completed an online survey, which included the 44-Question Big Five Inventory;
An independent sample t -test revealed a statistically significant difference between tattooed ( M = 3. 41, SD = 0. 77) and non-tattooed ( M = 3. 21, SD = 0. 83) groups in the Big Five personality area of extraversion, t (521) = 0. 39, p =. 004, d = 0.
- There were no other statistically significant differences;
- These findings indicate that tattooed individuals may be better employees than previously believed, as the extraversion component of the Big Five Inventory, has been found to be a critical indicator of successful job performance;
INTRODUCTION Tattoos have increased in popularity over the last two decades; almost one in five people across all age groups had a tattoo as of 2012, and one in ten people have two or more tattoos (Swami et al. , 2012). Nearly 40% of young adults (18-25) have at least one tattoo, whereas only 15-16% of members of this age group in 1990 were tattooed (Swami et al.
- , 2012);
- Despite the increase in tattoos within younger generations, tattooed individuals face discrimination, negative stigma, and lower levels of employment than their non-tattooed counterparts (Horne, Knox, Zusman, & Zusman, 2007);
Very little research has examined whether individuals with tattoos score differently than non-tattooed individuals on scales measuring personality traits perceived as positive. This study seeks to address this gap by identifying personality differences between tattooed and non-tattooed individuals and the potential implications of those differences for employment.
Historically, the traits associated with tattooed individuals have depended significantly on the culture and circumstances of those individuals. Captain Cook explored Polynesia in 1769 and observed the social and spiritual significance of tattoos in Polynesian culture.
The location of a tattoo on an individual’s body and the specific tattoo design displayed social, hierarchal, and genealogical information about the owner of the tattoo, as well as signaling particular aspects of his or her character (Parry, 1933). Tattooing was considered a sacred ceremony, and most tattoos were thought to fetch spiritual power, protection, and strength.
- Almost every Polynesian individual had tattoos, and many of Captain Cook’s men left their voyage with a permanent memento of their expedition, which was considered a great honor (Parry, 1933);
- Similarly, Native Americans report a long and extensive history of traditional tattoos;
Depending on the tribe, tattoos could signal hierarchy or a specific role within the tribe, mark a warrior’s prowess in battle, or be considered marks of beauty (Littell, 2003). Since then, through the shift towards Western culture and through changing definitions of art, tattoos have become more associated with criminals and the sexually promiscuous (Wohlrab, Fink, & Kappeler, 2005).
Recent studies have shown there are still many stereotypes attached to individuals with tattoos: academic struggle, broken homes, traumatic childhoods, rarely or never attending church, poor decision-making skills, and susceptibility to peer pressure (Roberts & Ryan, 2002).
However, these stereotypes may not accurately represent the current tattoo climate. Forty percent of 26 to 40-year-olds now have a tattoo, closely followed by 36% of 18 to 25-year-olds (Swami et al. , 2012). The rising popularity of tattoos among young to middle aged individuals suggests that tattoos may hold different significance sociologically, biologically, and socially than they have throughout the previous century (Wohlrab et al.
, 2005). Research is mixed on whether the negative stereotypes associated with tattoos are accurate. A study completed in 2007 in Germany evaluating tattooed and non-tattooed individuals using a Big Five Personality Inventory found that tattooed individuals scored higher on the subscale of extraversion, and lower on the subscale of neuroticism (Wohlrab, 2007).
More recently, a 2012 study of 540 individuals from Austria and Germany examined Big Five personality traits in participants, as well as a need for uniqueness, sensation seeking, self-esteem, religious and spiritual belief, and demographic variables. The researchers in this study concluded that not only do those with tattoos have higher levels of need for uniqueness, sensation seeking, and thrill and adventure seeking, but they have lower levels of self-esteem, attend religious services less, and are generally much less educated than individuals who did not have tattoos (Swami et al.
- , 2012);
- For decades, businesses have attempted to identify personality traits that predict a successful employee;
- When United States federal law banned the use of polygraphs for employee selection in 1988, hirers began using personality surveys as the primary method for making hiring decisions (Stabile, 2013);
Job interviewers now ask questions designed to reveal components of an individual’s personality in order to evaluate where that individual would best fit within the company structure, how committed to the job the individual would be, and their likelihood of advancing through the company ranks (Wohlrab, 2007).
- However, studies as late as 2010 have shown that despite this shift to personality-based hiring, companies still discard potential employees on the basis of their tattoos (Burgess, & Clark 2010);
- Researchers have also attempted to determine personality traits capable of predicting successful employees;
A 2014 ten-year longitudinal study of over 8,000 individuals working within multiple big business companies revealed that there is a significant statistical difference between the managerial and working classes in three Big Five personality dimensions: neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness (Palaiou & Furnham, 2014).
Conscientiousness was shown to be the best predictor of overall successful job performance and individuals who scored higher in this dimension tended to be more achievement oriented (Li, Barrick, Zimmerman, & Chiabaru, 2014).
Neuroticism successfully predicted poor work performance; the lower the levels of neuroticism, the higher the level of performance from the employee (Barrick, Mount, & Judge, 2001). Finally, higher levels of extraversion were linked to higher levels of task performance and proactivity (Pearsall & Ellis, 2006).
- This study attempts to augment the area of research pertaining to tattooed individuals’ personality traits by investigating whether tattooed individuals differ significantly when compared to their non-tattooed peers in areas related to successful employee traits;
It was hypothesized that tattooed individuals would score higher in conscientiousness and extraversion and lower in neuroticism as measured by the Big Five Inventory. MATERIALS AND METHODS Participants Participants were recruited through a campus-wide e-mail at Whitworth University, Facebook psychology groups, and global online psychology research forums.
- Participation was entirely voluntary, and participants could complete the study on their own time at their own pace;
- 521 individuals completed the survey, 411 females and 110 males, aged from 18 to 62 years old;
Materials Participants completed an online version of the 44-Question Big Five Inventory (John, Donahue, & Kentle, 1991) followed by basic demographic questions addressing age, sex, education level, and university affiliation of the participant. Participants were also asked if they had any tattoos.
- Participants with tattoos were asked to indicate the size and location of those tattoos;
- The survey measured the Big Five areas of personality: openness to experience, neuroticism, extraversion, conscientiousness, and agreeableness;
For example, questions measuring conscientiousness asked the participant to rate statements such as: “I am someone who does a thorough job” or “I am a reliable worker” on a five-point Likert scale. Items measuring neuroticism stated, “I am someone who remains calm in tense situations” and “I am someone who is emotionally stable, not easily upset”.
Finally, items related to extraversion included statements such as “I am someone who is talkative” and “I am someone who is full of energy” (John et al. , 1991). Participants were asked to rate their agreement with a series of such statements on a five-point Likert on a scale of one (“strongly disagreeing”) to five (“strongly agreeing”).
The Big Five Inventory has scored between 0. 73 – 0. 82 on Cronbach’s alpha test over the course of its development, giving it a high degree of internal consistency and thus, reliability (Schmitt et al. , 2007). The survey contained nine questions regarding conscientiousness, eight questions regarding neuroticism, and eight questions regarding extraversion.
The three personality subscales of conscientiousness, extraversion, and neuroticism were scored using a formula that calculated a numerical value for each personality dimension by adding each individual’s selected scores on the Likert scale, which were then averaged between all participants for an overall mean.
RESULTS A total of N =521 individuals completed the survey. Of that 521, 411 were female and 110 were male. Participant age varied from 18 to 68 years old. Participants were current students or alumni from 54 universities of various sizes in both rural and urban locations throughout the United States.
Two hundred sixty-six (51%) identified themselves as having no tattoos and two hundred fifty-five (49%) identified themselves as having tattoos. A two-tailed independent sample t -test revealed no statistically significant difference in levels of conscientiousness between tattooed and non-tattooed individuals ( p =.
30; Figure 1). Like conscientiousness, a two-tailed independent sample t-test revealed no statistically significance difference on the neuroticism personality scale between tattooed and non-tattooed individuals ( p =. 53; Figure 1). Results revealed a statistically significant result regarding extraversion.
A two-tailed independent sample t-test revealed a statistically significance difference between tattooed individuals ( M = 3. 41, SD = 0. 77) and non-tattooed individuals ( M = 3. 21, SD = 0. 83, p =.
004; Figure 1). DISCUSSION The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there were positive traits associated with individuals who have tattoos. It was proposed that tattooed individuals would score higher on the conscientiousness and extraversion domains and lower on the neuroticism domain as measured by the Big Five Inventory than their non-tattooed peers.
- Tattooed individuals scored significantly higher in extraversion than their non-tattooed peers, but there were no significant differences in conscientiousness or neuroticism between tattooed and non-tattooed individuals;
Though tattooed individuals did not differ significantly in two of the three areas tested in this study, the significant difference in extraversion suggests that those individuals with one or more tattoos may display higher levels of task performance and proactivity in the business world (Pearsall & Ellis, 2006).
- A growing body of literature suggests tattooed individuals display different personality traits than their non-tattooed counterparts, and this study lends further support to this hypothesis;
- Specifically, the present study supports the findings from several other studies that tattooed individuals consistently score higher in extraversion than their non-tattooed peers (e;
, Stirn, Hinz, & Brahler, 2006; Swami, 2012; Swami et al. , 2012 Wohlrab, Stahl, Rammsayer, & Kappeler, 2007). This study may be limited by the high proportion of female participants ( n = 411) compared to and male participants n = 110). A study in which males and females are equally represented could be better extrapolated to the general public.
- However, a similar study, performed in 2012 with 45;
- 6% male participants found very similar results to the present study; tattooed individuals scored significantly higher than non-tattooed individuals in extraversion, but did not score differently in any of the other Big Five personality dimensions (Swami et al;
, 2012). Future research should be conducted with a more age-diverse sample, as the present study had a mean age of 24. 47 years old. Though this study lends itself well to explaining the personality attributes of the younger generation, it does not shed any light onto the baby boomer generation, who are currently the individuals holding CEO, managerial, and most importantly, hiring positions over the younger population (Odgers Berndtson, 2012).
Over the next decade, a mass exodus of baby boomers is expected to occur, leaving open positions for the younger generation (Odgers Berndtson, 2012). However, if baby boomers are still utilizing stigmatized hiring criteria regarding tattoos, they are excluding a class of individuals who are more proactive and task performance oriented than their age-matched peers (Pearsall & Ellis, 2006).
Gathering more research regarding generational differences in personality attributes and attitudes towards tattoos may have the potential to change current hiring criteria. Additionally, examining the final two personality domains (agreeableness and openness to experience) in the Big Five Inventory may lead to further information regarding the relationship between tattoos and personality, which could divulge more information regarding desirable characteristics in employees.
Agreeableness has been correlated with success in several specific job fields, such as those that require considerable interpersonal interaction. Similarly, the openness to experience dimension has predicted success in fields where teamwork and training performance are important (Barrick et al.
, 2001). Finally, associations between tattoos and personality could be further explored by examining whether the effect is binary (tattoo vs. non-tattoo) or a gradient (influenced by the quantity of tattoos). Tattooing has rapidly become a prevalent phenomenon in western culture.
- It may therefore be time to reexamine the stigma attached to hiring tattooed individuals;
- Extraversion, which indicates higher levels of task performance and proactivity in a job setting (Pearsall & Ellis, 2006), is starting, through recent research, to become associated with tattooed individuals;
The business industry stands to gain quality employees who may be well suited to long-term success and significant contributions to the company if hiring criteria regarding tattoos were to be reassessed (Sackett, Burris, & Ryan, 1989). REFERENCES
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What is the start and stop character for Code 128 barcode?
‘í’ is the start character of Code 128 C while ‘î’ is the stop character.
What type of barcode symbology is used in retail stores?
One-Dimensional Barcode (1D) – The most recognizable barcode type is the UPC, Universal Product Code. It is most commonly used in the retail industry. Although it is mainly used in the United States it is also used throughout the world, including: Canada, England, Australia, New Zealand, and Europe. Each number or line represents something to help determine a specific item that is linked to the UPC code. EAN code (European Articles Numbers) is a 12 or 13-digit number uniquely identifies a product, manufacturer, and its attributes. The EAN is very similar to the UPC except for the country code identifier in the written numbers, but the lines and width are the same. There are two different types of EAN barcodes EAN-13 and EAN-8. Code 39 is widely used in the automotive industry, the department of defense, and name badges. It is variable in length. Code 39 symbology represents numbers 0-9, upper-case letters A-Z, the space character, and symbols –. $ + %. CODE 93 is alphanumeric numeric code that was designed to enhance Code 39. Code 93 offers a more secure continuous symbiology to provide a more secure coding. The symbology can encode 47 different characters, including: uppercase A-Z; the digits 0-9; the space character, symbols –. $ + % /, and special characters, including the start/stop symbol.
What is discrete bar codes?
Before we can talk about barcodes and make sure we all understand the same, we need a few definitions. A symbology is a set of rules to encode data within a barcode. These rules enable printing and recognition equipment to agree on the encoded contents. An element is any individual space or bar. A character is a sequence of elements that encodes a value. The character set can be numeric or alphanumeric. Some symbologies encode full numbers within one character.
Discrete barcodes have characters that start with a bar and end with a bar. The characters are separated by some amount of inter-character spacing. Each character can be decoded without looking at the rest of the barcode.
Continuous barcodes have characters that start with a bar and end with a space. The width of the final space of one character is determined by the start of the first bar of the next character. The character cannot be decoded without looking at the neighboring character.
- Barcodes may have spaces and bars of 2, 3 or more different widths;
- With multiple width symbologies there are more variations and encoding needs less space;
- Multiple width symbologies are often scanned with edge-to-similar-edge techniques;
The width of the narrowest element of the barcode is a module , often also called X. Wider elements may then be 2X, 2. 5X, 3X, up to 9X for some multiple width symbologies. A fixed-length symbology encodes a certain, defined number of characters or digits. The fixed-length symbology itself defines the length of the encoded data.
What does a 2D barcode look like?
Two-dimensional (2D) barcodes look like squares or rectangles that contain many small, individual dots. A single 2D barcode can hold a significant amount of information and may remain legible even when printed at a small size or etched onto a product. 2D barcodes are used in a wide range of industries, from manufacturing and warehousing to logistics and healthcare..